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Memphis church’s reconciliation project reveals untold story of slave-trading operation…

first_img March 16, 2018 at 5:50 pm Blessings on Calvary Church for undertaking this painful, challenging but important task. The proximity of the slave lot and church brought to mind this passage by Frederick Douglass, from Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, 1845: “The slave auctioneer’s bell and the church-going bell chime in with each other, and the bitter cries of the heart-broken slave are drowned in the religious shouts of his pious master. Revivals of religion and revivals in the slave-trade go hand in hand together. The slave prison and the church stand near each other. The clanking of fetters and the rattling of chains in the prison, and the pious psalm and solemn prayer in the church, may be heard at the same time. The dealers in the bodies of men erect their stand in the presence of the pulpit, and they mutually help each other. The dealer gives his blood-stained gold to support the pulpit, and the pulpit, in return, covers his infernal business with the garb of Christianity. Here we have religion and robbery the allies of each other — devils dressed in angels’ robes, and hell presenting the semblance of paradise.” March 22, 2018 at 5:15 pm There is little to gain and much to lose in “policing” history and adjusting the lens of our interpretation to suit the sentiment of the present. This is intellectually and academically counterproductive and troubling. An Evening with Presiding Bishop Curry and Iconographer Kelly Latimore Episcopal Migration Ministries via Zoom June 23 @ 6 p.m. ET Virtual Celebration of the Jerusalem Princess Basma Center Zoom Conversation June 19 @ 12 p.m. ET Tags Associate Rector for Family Ministries Anchorage, AK Rector and Chaplain Eugene, OR Ya no son extranjeros: Un diálogo acerca de inmigración Una conversación de Zoom June 22 @ 7 p.m. ET Missioner for Disaster Resilience Sacramento, CA March 15, 2018 at 2:24 pm In its long and devoted ministry to downtown Memphis Calvary Church is one of the great parishes of the Episcopal Church. Assistant/Associate Rector Morristown, NJ John Merchant says: Comments are closed. Rector Belleville, IL Priest-in-Charge Lebanon, OH The historical marker in Memphis, Tennessee, for Nathan Bedford Forrest references only “his business enterprises” without identifying him as a slave trader who operated a slave mart on property next to Calvary Episcopal Church. Photo: Robyn Banks/Calvary Episcopal Church[Episcopal News Service] A previously little-known piece of history just outside the doors of Calvary Episcopal Church in Memphis, Tennessee, is being brought to light as the church prepares to dedicate a historical marker at the pre-Civil War site of the Forrest Slave Mart.Nathan Bedford Forrest was a slave trader who served as a Confederate lieutenant general during the Civil War and later was an early member of the Ku Klux Klan. Photo: Library of Congress, via WikipediaAn existing historical marker on Calvary’s block notes that it once was the home of Nathan Bedford Forrest, a 19th-century businessman and Confederate general, but the marker fails to convey the more disturbing context: Forrest was a slave trader, and from 1854 to 1860 he operated a slave mart on property that the church now owns and uses as a parking lot.The Rev. Scott Walters, rector at Calvary, called it “chilling” to think of the inhumanity that once occurred every day on land located just beyond the church wall behind him when he stands at the pulpit every Sunday. But the effort to research the full history of that block has been infused with a spirit of reconciliation as much as an interest in revealing ugly truths.“We don’t want it to be a divisive thing but a truth that can be told that can lead to some healing,” Walters said in an interview with Episcopal News Service.The new historical marker, to be dedicated April 4 as Memphis marks 50 years since the assassination of Martin Luther King Jr. in the city, is the product of a research project led by history professor Timothy Huebner, who is a member of Calvary Episcopal Church.“It’s not that the existing marker isn’t factually accurate. … It just leaves out a lot,” Huebner told ENS. “And so that’s what we’re trying to do. We are trying to tell some of what has been left out that has to do with the history of that site.”An organization called Lynching Sites Project Memphis, whose mission is to accurately tell the history of racial violence in and around the city, first drew attention to the existing historical marker in 2015. Organizers held a prayer service calling for the sign to be changed to make clear that Forrest’s “business enterprises” were the selling of humans.At the same time, the Episcopal Church has made racial reconciliation one of its three priorities during the current triennium. Some dioceses already had taken up their own efforts to confront hard truths about their complicity with slavery, segregation and lynchings. Notable examples include the Diocese of Atlanta and the Diocese of Tennessee, which encompasses the central third of the state but not Memphis.In 2016, Huebner and others at Calvary Episcopal Church formed a group to learn more about the church’s block and surrounding properties. Their inquiries initially focused on blighted buildings and ways the congregation could help improve the neighborhood, but Huebner’s preliminary research soon gravitated toward Forrest’s historical activities on the block.A Memphis city directory from the 1850s shows an ad for the slave mart run by Forrest and a business partner.“We did not know at that point that he operated the slave mart at that actual site,” Huebner said. “We didn’t learn that until later.”He uncovered those surprising details in newspaper advertisements and city directories from the 1850s. It also became obvious that the Tennessee Historical Commission would have looked through the same records and, therefore, been well aware of the Forrest slave mart when it drafted the text for its historical marker on the block, dedicated in 1955.Huebner, who teaches at Rhodes College, chose to make Forrest the subject of his historical methods course in fall 2017. His 15 students researched Forrest’s life, as well as the history of that city block, and they determined that thousands of enslaved men, women and children were sold at the slave mart Forrest operated there.The students also found that Forrest, one of at least eight slave traders in Memphis during the 1850s, was engaged in importing slaves from Africa, which had been outlawed by the U.S. in 1808.The slave mart operated by Nathan Bedford Forrest was located on a property now being used by Calvary Episcopal Church for a parking lot. The church will dedicate a new historical marker on April 4 telling the fuller story of Forrest’s use of the property. Photo: Robyn Banks/Calvary Episcopal ChurchThe church was built in 1843, meaning the slave trading and Christian ministry were conducted nearly side by side for several years. No evidence has been found, however, that Forrest was a member or benefactor of the church.His legacy in Memphis generated additional debate last year when a City Council vote led to the removal of a statue of Forrest from a city park in December. State legislators now are considering legislation that would punish local officials for such actions. Scrutiny of Confederate monuments intensified nationwide in August after a white supremacist rally in support of a Confederate statue in Charlottesville, Virginia, ended in deadly violence there.In Memphis, Huebner’s students drafted the text on the new historical marker about Forrest. A group of local scholars vetted their research. The marker itself was paid for by the National Park Service. The students also have identified dozens of the slaves who were sold at the slave mart, and some of those names will be read during the dedication ceremony.“That’s been poignant to me, realizing the names of real people and real lives and families are behind these statistics,” Walters said.The dedication is part of a full slate of events on April 4 in Memphis, where the National Civil Rights Museum is leading commemorations marking 50 years since Martin Luther King Jr. was shot and killed at the Lorraine Motel, about a mile from Calvary Episcopal Church.Calvary’s ceremony is described as a “Service of Remembrance and Reconciliation,” and it will be led by Walters and the Rev. Dorothy Wells, the rector at St. George’s Episcopal Church in nearby Germantown, Tennessee, and a 1982 graduate of Rhodes College who worshiped at Calvary when she was a student.Wells, in an email to ENS while she finishes up a pilgrimage in Israel, said she was as surprised as anyone that a slave mart once operated nearby “as well-heeled worshippers came and went past it, week after week, apparently never questioning the trading of human lives for the proverbial few pieces of silver.”Wells, who is black, also wonders if some of her own ancestors might have among those sold by Forrest.“While it has been hard to process, I cannot dwell on that past – but only on the hope that the future holds,” she said. “I still believe that reconciliation is possible – but only if we as a nation are committed to truth-telling.”– David Paulsen is an editor and reporter for the Episcopal News Service. He can be reached at [email protected] Helen Bell says: March 15, 2018 at 6:19 pm I wish this article included the language for the new historical marker. Reading that it is being updated means little without knowing precisely how honest the new marker will be. March 15, 2018 at 8:29 pm Back in 1850 slave trading was hardly illegal. Now we want to re-write history in an effort to make ourselves feel better and demonstrate to blacks we are “politically correct.” What a sham. When have we gone too far in our attempt to re-write history? We made our history in the 19th century. We cannot erase it in the 21st. Inaugural Diocesan Feast Day Celebrating Juneteenth San Francisco, CA (and livestream) June 19 @ 2 p.m. PT March 15, 2018 at 5:35 pm It disturbs me that there is even an historical marker denoting where his home stood. He was one of the worst generals that the Confederate army had. His actions before, during, and after the Civil War should not be displayed any where. March 16, 2018 at 8:03 pm thank you for the text – it is a long one, indeed, but one with lots of explanation. It should be very good for educating people. March 16, 2018 at 2:06 pm i could not be more proud and honored to be a former member since childhood of Calvary Church. It is most appropriate for this parish from which I was confirmed, married, and ordained as a deacon and now in my 48th year as a priest. As I would expect , that this fine parish to recognized this event in its history and make known this horrible event by erecting a plaque on its property.I am equally delighted to acknowledge Rhodes College, where I graduated in 1965 then known as Southwestern at Memphis played a partnership in this endeavor. Much respect to both organizations. Rector Washington, DC TryTank Experimental Lab and York St. John University of England Launch Survey to Study the Impact of Covid-19 on the Episcopal Church TryTank Experimental Lab March 15, 2018 at 9:22 pm F William Thewalt, I have never seen a NPS historical marker that took a moral stand on past events. They only report/ record those event, such as (perhaps) stating that Forrest established a slave market on that site and later was an early leader and the first Grand Wizard of the KKK.Stating the text to be on the new sign in this article would have clarified this though. Susan M. Paynter says: Remember Holy Land Christians on Jerusalem Sunday, June 20 American Friends of the Episcopal Diocese of Jerusalem The Church Pension Fund Invests $20 Million in Impact Investment Fund Designed to Preserve Workforce Housing Communities Nationwide Church Pension Group F William Thewalt says: March 16, 2018 at 9:34 am We know from all too many human stories that “legal” and “moral” are often in conflict. I don’t see how filling in gaps in the history presented to us could be considered a re-write of history. I’m grateful to historians who work to flesh out the stories of our past and to clergy and other theologians who help us process that information in a way that leads us forward as the Body of Christ. Comments (15) Bishop Diocesan Springfield, IL PJ Cabbiness says: Course Director Jerusalem, Israel This Summer’s Anti-Racism Training Online Course (Diocese of New Jersey) June 18-July 16 Patricia Hoffman says: Rector (FT or PT) Indian River, MI Submit an Event Listing Rector Pittsburgh, PA Racial Justice & Reconciliation AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to PrintFriendlyPrintFriendlyShare to FacebookFacebookShare to TwitterTwitterShare to EmailEmailShare to MoreAddThis Associate Rector Columbus, GA Assistant/Associate Rector Washington, DC Priest Associate or Director of Adult Ministries Greenville, SC onie Johns says: Seminary of the Southwest announces appointment of two new full time faculty members Seminary of the Southwest Rector Bath, NC center_img Director of Administration & Finance Atlanta, GA Rector Albany, NY Rector Hopkinsville, KY Youth Minister Lorton, VA The Church Investment Group Commends the Taskforce on the Theology of Money on its report, The Theology of Money and Investing as Doing Theology Church Investment Group Episcopal Migration Ministries’ Virtual Prayer Vigil for World Refugee Day Facebook Live Prayer Vigil June 20 @ 7 p.m. ET Rector Shreveport, LA Patricia Hoffman says: Rector Tampa, FL Assistant/Associate Priest Scottsdale, AZ Featured Jobs & Calls Submit a Job Listing Join the Episcopal Diocese of Texas in Celebrating the Pauli Murray Feast Online Worship Service June 27 Curate (Associate & Priest-in-Charge) Traverse City, MI Rector Smithfield, NC Cathedral Dean Boise, ID Rector Martinsville, VA Episcopal Charities of the Diocese of New York Hires Reverend Kevin W. VanHook, II as Executive Director Episcopal Charities of the Diocese of New York Rector/Priest in Charge (PT) Lisbon, ME Curate Diocese of Nebraska Helen Bell says: LoriAnn Lavallee says: David Paulsen says: Family Ministry Coordinator Baton Rouge, LA Submit a Press Release March 21, 2018 at 7:43 pm I suspect that further research might reveal that some of the “well-healed members of Calverypurchased some of those humans that Forrest sold. The Rev. Bob Sessum says: Beth O’Leary (Richmond Va) says: Helen Bell says: March 16, 2018 at 12:38 pm I am glad you let us know what this new marker explains. It should be displayed for all to read and contemplate. Thank you for your very informative articles. Memphis church’s reconciliation project reveals untold story of slave-trading operation next door Rev. Canon Stephen N. Brannon says: Rector Collierville, TN Director of Music Morristown, NJ March 15, 2018 at 5:32 pm Proud of Calvary Church where on a visit to Memphis in 1964 I worshipped and received Holy Communion. Good memories. March 15, 2018 at 6:16 pm If we live in the past, rather than learning from it, we bring the emotions and grudges from there to now. I agree with Catherine that we need to see US History for what it WAS: history. It may not be comfortable or PC now, but it DID happen. Living in the here and now is important, but understanding the past requires recognition of everything. A plaque or monument does not always celebrate or glorify. Rather it should always inform in order for us to receive the information for us to contemplate in the context in which it happened. Featured Events Advocacy Peace & Justice, March 16, 2018 at 9:38 am Helen, you are correct, the new language would be useful for our readers. It is a rather long, detailed text, but I will share it here. Just be aware that this marker is not yet displayed anywhere. It will be dedicated April 4:FORREST AND THE MEMPHIS SLAVE TRADEFrom 1854 to 1860, Nathan Bedford Forrest operated a profitable slave trading business at this site. In 1826, Tennessee had prohibited bringing enslaved people into the state for the purpose of selling them. As cotton and slavery grew in importance, the legislature repealed the ban in 1855. Starting that year, Memphis emerged as a regional hub for the slave trade. In addition to the more than 3,000 enslaved people who lived and worked in Memphis at the time, thousands more flowed into and out of the city, as traders and their agents brought a steady supply of human cargo into town via roads, river, and rail. In 1854, Forrest purchased this property on Adams, between Second and Third, just east of an alley behind Calvary Episcopal Church. Most slaves were sold at lots like this one before ending up on plantations in the Mississippi Delta or further south. Horatio Eden, sold from Forrest’s yard as a child, remembered the place as a “square stockade of high boards with two room Negro houses around….We were all kept in these rooms, but when an auction was held or buyers came, we were brought out and paraded two or three around a circular brick walk in the center of the stockade. The buyers would stand nearby and inspect us as we went by, stop us, and examine us.”Continued on backMuch of the slave trade in Memphis occurred on Adams Avenue. Located in the heart of town and connecting the riverfront steamboat landing to the Memphis and Charleston Railroad line, the street offered easy access to buyers and sellers. In 1855, the city directory listed eight slave dealers, including Forrest, five of whom were located on Adams. While his business practices mostly resembled those of other traders in town, Forrest uniquely engaged in the buying and selling of Africans illegally smuggled into the United States, in violation of an 1808 congressional ban. Several sources confirm that in 1859 Forrest sold at least six newly-arrived Africans “direct from the Congo” at his yard. Slave trading proved a growth industry, and by 1860 the number of slave dealers in Memphis had increased to ten, including six with addresses on Adams. In that year, Forrest sold this property and moved one block east, where he expanded his operations, while another group of slave dealers took ownership of this lot. Secession and war disrupted the slave trading business, and in 1861 Forrest went off to fight for the Confederacy. In the decades after the Civil War, many white southerners chose to portray Forrest as a military hero, thus excusing or ignoring Forrest’s buying and selling of human beings.Sponsored by Calvary Episcopal Church, Rhodes College, and the National Park ServiceDedicated 2018 New Berrigan Book With Episcopal Roots Cascade Books In-person Retreat: Thanksgiving Trinity Retreat Center (West Cornwall, CT) Nov. 24-28 Press Release Service Canon for Family Ministry Jackson, MS Rector Knoxville, TN By David PaulsenPosted Mar 15, 2018 Associate Priest for Pastoral Care New York, NYlast_img read more

Emerson College Student Residences / Elkus Manfredi Architects

first_imgShareFacebookTwitterPinterestWhatsappMailOrhttps://www.archdaily.com/932000/emerson-college-student-residences-elkus-manfredi-architects Clipboard “COPY” Architects: Elkus Manfredi Architects Area Area of this architecture project Emerson College Student Residences / Elkus Manfredi ArchitectsSave this projectSaveEmerson College Student Residences / Elkus Manfredi Architects McNamara/Salvia United States CopyAbout this officeElkus Manfredi ArchitectsOfficeFollow#TagsProjectsBuilt ProjectsSelected ProjectsResidential ArchitectureHousingApartmentsbostonOn FacebookBostonUnited StatesPublished on January 16, 2020Cite: “Emerson College Student Residences / Elkus Manfredi Architects” 16 Jan 2020. ArchDaily. Accessed 10 Jun 2021. ISSN 0719-8884Browse the CatalogPanels / Prefabricated AssembliesTechnowoodSiding Façade SystemWindowsMitrexSolar WindowMetal PanelsAurubisPatinated Copper: Nordic Green/Blue/Turquoise/SpecialMetal PanelsDri-DesignMetal Panels – CopperIn architectureSikaBuilding Envelope SystemsExterior DeckingLunawoodThermowood DeckingMembranesEffisusFaçade Protection – Breather+Metal PanelsPure + FreeFormCustom Metal Cladding – Legacy Fund 1 BuildingWood Boards / HPL PanelsInvestwoodWood Fiber Partition Walls – ValchromatDoorsLinvisibileLinvisibile FILO 10 Vertical Pivot Door | BrezzaSkylightsFAKROEnergy-efficient roof window FTT ThermoToilets / BidetsBritexToilets – Accessible Centurion PanMore products »Save世界上最受欢迎的建筑网站现已推出你的母语版本!想浏览ArchDaily中国吗?是否翻译成中文现有为你所在地区特制的网站?想浏览ArchDaily中国吗?Take me there »✖You’ve started following your first account!Did you know?You’ll now receive updates based on what you follow! Personalize your stream and start following your favorite authors, offices and users.Go to my stream Cline Bettridge Bernstein Lighting Design Year:  CopyApartments•Boston, United States Save this picture!© Peter Vanderwarker+ 25Curated by Paula Pintos Share “COPY” Construction: 2018 Projectscenter_img Area:  90000 ft² Year Completion year of this architecture project Manufacturers: Endicott, Armstrong Ceilings, EFCO, FilzFelt, NBK North America, Sherwin-Williams, Smoke Guard, Peerless Photographs Suffolk Lighting: Emerson College Student Residences / Elkus Manfredi Architects Photographs:  Peter Vanderwarker Manufacturers Brands with products used in this architecture project Apartments Products used in this ProjectBricksEndicottThin BrickClient:Emerson CollegeMep/Fp Engineering:R G Vanderweil EngineersCode Consulting:Norton S Remmer Consulting EngineersMep Engineer:R G Vanderweil EngineersFire Protection:R G Vanderweil EngineersCity:BostonCountry:United StatesMore SpecsLess SpecsSave this picture!© Peter VanderwarkerText description provided by the architects. Elkus Manfredi Architects designed an 18-story residence hall that answers Emerson College’s critical demand for on-campus housing, addresses location challenges presented by the site, and serves the needs and desires of Emerson students – creative millennials who crave spaces that provide opportunity for community, social connection, and inspiration. The 18-story, 375-bed residence hall offers suites and single-, double-, and triple-occupancy student residences in the heart of the college’s growing campus in Boston’s historic Theatre District. The design features five, themed destination common rooms that address the urban campus’s need for indoor and outdoor communal student spaces. Achieved LEED-NC Gold while preserving and incorporating the façade of a historic building into the new structure.Save this picture!© Peter VanderwarkerThe site included two existing buildings requiring different approaches: 1-2 Boylston Place was a deteriorated early 20th-century commercial building with little historic significance. It needed to be taken down. 3 Boylston Place, known as the Ancient Landmark Building, was constructed in 1888 as a lodge for the Independent Order of Odd Fellows, a unique organization that was dedicated to helping impoverished people and also the first of the lodges to allow female members. The red brick masonry, stone, and copper of 3 Boylston Place exhibits an eclectic combination of Queen Anne and Romanesque revival architecture unique in the district. Unlike 1-2 Boylston Place, 3 Boylston Place needed to be preserved.  The new facility, 2 Boylston Place, showcases Elkus Manfredi’s innovative thinking in the effective use of indoor space. Because Emerson’s tight urban campus lacks outdoor communal spaces for its gregarious and socially-engaged students, indoor opportunities for spontaneous student interaction, personal expression, and social gathering are an essential feature of any addition to the college’s building inventory. While traditional college residential designs generally include a small, multi-purpose common space on every floor, the new residence hall’s relatively small footprint (5,400 gsf) rendered those types of spaces impractical.Save this picture!© Peter VanderwarkerSave this picture!AxoSave this picture!© Peter VanderwarkerElkus Manfredi solved this challenge by creating larger shared community spaces on five floors in the building that are themed around the social needs and desires of the Emerson students who will occupy it. The new common rooms include: a ground-floor space adjacent to a small café can open onto Boylston Place during pleasant weather to integrate the building with the pedestrian walkway; an airy lobby space with artistic design elements reminiscent of a backstage theater space; a two-story space with a performance stage element and a quiet mezzanine for study; a cooking/dining community space on Level 4 designed to allow an entire floor of students to have a communal meal; a spectacular community space on Level 14 includes a panoramic view of the city and an outdoor terrace for special occasions, allowing all of the student residents of the building to enjoy the benefits of Emerson’s unique location.Save this picture!© Peter VanderwarkerProject gallerySee allShow lessHouse Morkel / Neo ArchitectsSelected ProjectsRecycling Station / AIX ArkitekterSelected ProjectsProject locationAddress:2 Boylston Pl, Boston, MA 02116, United StatesLocation to be used only as a reference. It could indicate city/country but not exact address. Share Structural Engineering: ShareFacebookTwitterPinterestWhatsappMailOrhttps://www.archdaily.com/932000/emerson-college-student-residences-elkus-manfredi-architects Clipboard ArchDaily Products translation missing: en-US.post.svg.material_descriptionlast_img read more

NSPCC illuminates cities with Light Up Christmas for Children campaign

first_imgNSPCC illuminates cities with Light Up Christmas for Children campaign AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThis7 Tagged with: christmas NSPCC Melanie May | 21 November 2017 | News The NSPCC launched its Light Up Christmas for Children fundraising campaign at London’s Oxford Street Christmas lights switch on this month.Light Up Christmas for Children is in partnership with Sky Cinema and aims to raise funds for the NSPCC’s Childline service. The charity is also lighting up several other cities across the UK including Birmingham, Sunderland, Cardiff and Belfast.The campaign asks people to text ‘NSPCC 4’ to 70744  to give a £4 donation, to buy a star pin badge from retailers including Matalan and Halfords, and to share a #LightsOn selfie of their own ‘light up’ moment with their friends and family across their social channels and then make a donation to the NSPCC.As part of the campaign, Out of Home advertising featuring NSPCC ambassador and former Spice girl Geri Horner will also be visible on London buses and the London Underground throughout the festive period. In addition, the charity is running an editorial partnership across Trinity Mirror Group’s portfolio of regional and national papers to encourage people to donate.The Oxford Street light switch took place on 7 November, and was hosted by Roman Kemp and Vick Hope from Capital Breakfast, with performances by Matt Terry and 5 After Midnight. The lights themselves were switched on by Rita Ora. Inspired by falling snowflakes, the lights display is a mile long, and features over 750,000 LED bulbs and 1,778 baubles. This is the second year running that Oxford Street has partnered with NSPCC for the switch on.  227 total views,  1 views today Advertisement  228 total views,  2 views today AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThis7 About Melanie May Melanie May is a journalist and copywriter specialising in writing both for and about the charity and marketing services sectors since 2001. She can be reached via www.thepurplepim.com.last_img read more

‘No refusal’ weekend combats drinking and driving

first_img‘No refusal’ weekend combats drinking and driving + posts Abortion access threatened as restrictive bills make their way through Texas Legislature Facebook printThis weekend, Tarrant County is stepping up efforts to combat drinking and driving. The Tarrant County Criminal District Attorney’s office is issuing a “no refusal” policy beginning at 9:30 p.m. the Wednesday before Thanksgiving.The policy will remain in effect until 5:30 a.m. Monday. The Tarrant County Criminal DA’s Office received a grant to implement the program during every major holiday weekend. It will likely go into effect during Christmas and New Year’s as well.What it means:If a police officer pulls over a driver suspected of being intoxicated and that person refuses to submit to a breathalyzer, the officer can apply for a warrant to take a biological sample to prove it. In Tarrant County, this means arresting the suspect and drawing blood from the suspect at the jail or at a nearby hospital. During holiday weekends, judges are on call to grant warrants within minutes if officers can demonstrate probable cause that a driver is intoxicated.However, Tarrant County Sherriff’s spokesman Terry Grisham said every day in Tarrant County is “no refusal” day. The county’s policy year-round is to compel suspected drunk drivers to submit to toxicology screenings.“This is something we take seriously. But not all the municipalities in the county have the resources to do it year-round,” Grisham said. “That’s why the DA’s office organizes this.”Grant money from the Texas Department of Transportation pays for nurses to draw blood at three traffic stops during designated “no refusal” weekends. These stops are located in Fort Worth, North Richland Hills and Dalworthington Gardens. During “no refusal” weekends, Tarrant County judges also rotate “on call” shifts in order to grants warrants at all hours of the night.“Police need warrants as quickly as possible if they have reason to believe someone is drunk. After so long, the person sobers up,” said Samantha Jordan, communications officer for the Tarrant County Criminal DA’s Office.Before the program, an arresting officer had to find a judge to sign a warrant. DWIs, however, are most frequently issued late at night or early in the morning.Evidence like a toxicology report, also secures a conviction, Jordan said. “Without it, all we have is the testimony from a police officer.”In Jefferson County, the program has also shortened the amount of time taken by the court system, since most DWI defendants with damning toxicology reports usually take responsibility for their crimes without the need for a judge.“DWI cases, for years, were the most common cases we try. Now, they’re still on of the most common,” Jordan said.In Tarrant County, Jordan said the “no refusal” program serves a dual-purpose.“It’s a great opportunity for our police departments to work together to take care of this problem and keep the streets safe, and it really serves as a deterrent,” Jordan said.First time DWI offenders can be fined up to $2,000, serve two days to 180 days in jail, have their driver’s licenses suspended, or be forced to pay a fee of $1,000 to $2,000 a year to maintain their driver’s licenses. Repeat offenders can be fined up to $4,000 or spend up to a year in jail, as well pay heavier fines for maintaining a driver’s license.The constitutionality of the program has been heavily debated. Last year, the Texas Court of Criminal Appeals ruled police officers had to have a warrant in hand before they could force suspects to submit to a blood draw. The decision was based on a 2013 U.S. Supreme Court ruling that determined drawing blood from a DWI suspect without a warrant violated the suspect’s constitutional right against unreasonable search and seizure.This has always been the protocol in Tarrant County. The county gets around it by having judges on the clock to review and sign warrants.An ACLU (American Civil Liberties Union) representative told Salon in 2012, however, that judges rarely decline to sign warrants, noting that if there is probable cause to make an arrest, there is probable cause for a search warrant.Jordan said police officers look for specific signs of intoxication before making an arrest. Police can also conduct a field sobriety test. They’re taught to recognize several clues of intoxication by asking the suspect to perform a series of motions like standing on one leg, walking and turning.Grishman said it’s difficult to judge the “success” of the program, but said, “If we save just one life, that’s worth it.”Jordan said there were 40 DWI arrests during Halloween weekend, the last “no refusal” weekend this year. Last year around Halloween, there were more than 50. The names of those arrested were posted on the DA’s website, another way to deter drunk drivers from getting on the road.In 2014, there were 1,624 DUI-related crashes in Tarrant County, resulting in 47 fatalities. In 2013, there were 1,704 DUI-related crashes and 50 deaths.“We have all been affected by drunk driving in some way or another, including myself,” Jordan said. “This is just one way we can keep our roads as safe as possible.” Twitter Vacancies increasing at the Fort Worth Police Department as recruiting slows Fort Worth set to elect first new mayor in 10 years Saturday ReddIt Samirah Swalehhttps://www.tcu360.com/author/samirah-swaleh/ Samirah Swalehhttps://www.tcu360.com/author/samirah-swaleh/ Grains to grocery: One bread maker brings together farmers and artisans at locally-sourced store Linkedin ReddIt Previous articleROTC cadets receive postgraduate assignmentsNext articleHere, there and back again Samirah Swaleh RELATED ARTICLESMORE FROM AUTHOR Facebook Twitter ZBonz Dog Park to open in February  Samirah Swaleh Blue Bell returns to Fort Worth stores Samirah Swalehhttps://www.tcu360.com/author/samirah-swaleh/ Linkedin Samirah Swalehhttps://www.tcu360.com/author/samirah-swaleh/last_img read more

Media allowed to use Kurdish language but still forbidden to discuss Kurdish issues freely

first_imgNews to go further Turkey’s never-ending judicial persecution of former newspaper editor Journalists threatened with imprisonment under Turkey’s terrorism law Help by sharing this information TurkeyEurope – Central Asia Follow the news on Turkey November 20, 2009 – Updated on January 20, 2016 Media allowed to use Kurdish language but still forbidden to discuss Kurdish issues freely Organisation Reporters Without Borders hails the lifting of the last restrictions on the use of the Kurdish language by the Turkish news media. “This is an important and symbolically-charged step but its impact will be very limited as long as the media cannot tackle Kurdish issues without risking prosecution,” the press freedom organisation said.The government gazette published a directive on 13 November indefinitely lifting all remaining restrictions on the broadcast media’s use of minority languages. Use of Kurdish had been allowed in the print media and the national public TV station TRT 6 since January 2004, but privately-owned radio stations were limited to five hours of Kurdish programming a week while privately-owned TV stations were limited to four hours.Furthermore, all Kurdish-language TV programmes had to be subtitled in Turkish, which made live broadcasts impossible. As a result, only TV stations offered any Kurdish programmes, the local station Gün TV and, in the past two months, the satellite TV station Su TV.“What is the point of broadcasting in Kurdish if coverage of Kurdish issues from an independent or activist viewpoint is banned in practice,” Reporters Without Borders said. “The lifting of language restrictions must not be allowed to eclipse the fact that the media are still the victims of intimidation and self-censorship when they try to tackle sensitive issues.”The press freedom organisation added: “There will be no real progress for free expression in Turkey until the repressive legislation has been repealed and the media are finally allowed to tackle the subjects that the Turkish state has declared off limits.”More than 15 journalists are currently being prosecuted under Anti-Terrorist Law No. 3713 and criminal code article 216 (on inciting hatred) just for referring to the demands of the outlawed Kongra-Gel, also known as the Kurdistan Workers Party (PKK), or for quoting its leaders, even in an article that criticises them.The Turkish legislative arsenal – including criminal code article 301, under which “insults to the Turkish nation” are punishable by up to two years in prison – imposes considerable restrictions on democratic debate by defining the limits that cannot be crossed as regards such subjects as the armed forces, police, judicial system, torture, secularism and the republic’s founder, Mustafa Kemal Atatürk. And in practice this legislative arsenal allows many local judges and prosecutors to resist the government’s declared policy of making Turkish society more open.Around 20 charges of “PKK propaganda,” condoning criminal activity and membership of an illegal organisation have been brought against Vedat Kursun, the editor of the only Kurdish-language newspaper, Azadiya Welat. Although he has been detained since January, the first hearing in his trial was not held until 10 September. And he will continue to be detained until the next hearing, which has been set for 2 December.His lawyer, Servet Özen, told Reporters Without Borders, “he is in prison for comments that his newspaper was the first to make, but which are now being debated in all the Turkish media.”Pro-Kurdish publications are even silenced online. Access to the website of the daily newspaper Günlük was blocked on 18 November. Günlük itself, like the weekly Özgür Ortam, has repeatedly been closed temporarily under the Anti-Terrorist Law, while Günlük’s owner, its editor and one of its journalists are all currently facing possible sentences of 7 years in prison.The newspaper Demokratik Açilim was closed in September, just a few weeks after it had been launched to replace Günlük, which was itself closed at the time. On 20 October, the European Court of Human Rights ordered the Turkish government to pay several hundred thousand euros in damages to 26 journalists working for four other pro-Kurdish newspapers that had been closed – Ülkede Özgür Gündem, Gündem, Güncel and Gerçek Demokrasi.Even media that show little sign of sympathising with Kurdish autonomy demands are exposed to repression. Hasan Cakkalkurt, the editor of the “Kemalist” daily Milliyet, and one of his journalists, Namik Durukan, are facing possible 7-year jail sentences and fines of 9,000 euros for reprinting a local news agency interview with a PKK leader. The next hearing in their trial is set for 26 January.Hülya Avsar, a famous singer, and Milliyet journalist Devrim Sevimay are being prosecuted on charges of inciting hatred because Avsar, who has Turkish and Kurdish parents, said in an interview that the government’s policy of openness should not “under-estimate or ignore the rights of the Kurds” and that it would be “hard to convince the terrorists of the separatist PKK to lay down their arms.”Aside from Kurdish issues, it is still very difficult for Turkish journalists to criticise the behaviour of the judicial system, armed forces or police. Haci Bogatekin, the editor of the fortnightly Gerger Firat, was sentenced in absentia by a local court on 18 November to 26 months and seven days in prison under criminal code article 125 for allegedly libelling the former prosecutor and police chief of the southeastern district of Gerger by accusing them of harassing his newspaper and colluding with Islamists.Worn out by a legal battle that has dragged on for more than a year, Bogatekin did not attend the final hearing for health reasons. He wrote a letter of apology to the court, but the court ignored it on the grounds that it was not sent by recorded delivery. (Logo picture : ANF) RSF_en center_img Human rights groups warns European leaders before Turkey summit TurkeyEurope – Central Asia News Receive email alerts News April 2, 2021 Find out more April 28, 2021 Find out more News April 2, 2021 Find out more Read our previous press releases :- Basic questions still unanswered during Dink trial’s 11th hearing- Government urged to include press freedom in its opening to Kurdish minorityRead June 2008 “Investigation report into the detention of journalist Haci Bogatekin, imprisoned for more than two months and facing ten and a half years in prison”last_img read more

Rose Parade Accommodations for Disabled Guests

first_img Top of the News Community News Pasadena’s ‘626 Day’ Aims to Celebrate City, Boost Local Economy Community News Pasadena Will Allow Vaccinated People to Go Without Masks in Most Settings Starting on Tuesday More Cool Stuff The Rose Parade is getting closer and now is the time to reserve tickets to get a great seat for the big day. When you or a loved one has a disability, making sure you have accessible seating to an event is very important. Both Sharp Seating and the City of Pasadena offer accommodations for parade viewers with a disability. There is no reason to miss out on the fun!There are three viewing areas along the route that the City of Pasadena has reserved for guests with disabilities. Each guest is able to bring up to four guests. All three sections are at ground level. One section has an audio description for visually impaired individuals and another section offers sign language for those individuals who are hearing impaired. The Rose Parade is a breathtaking experience that is available to all.If you are interested in grandstand seating the Sharp Seating Company has a limited number of wheelchair accessible seats. The staff at Sharp Seating can help you with the best spots to sit. You can order tickets by calling (626) 795-4171. You can visit Sharp Seating at www.sharpseating.com.Now is the time to reserve your seating. For questions you can contact Robert Gorski at (626) 744-4782 or [email protected] Tickets are free of charge.The Parade is January 1st, 2016. Special viewing hours are available for Post Parade, to see the parade floats up close, on January 2nd and 3rd from 7:00 a.m. to 9:00 a.m. Name (required)  Mail (required) (not be published)  Website  Make a comment HerbeautyInstall These Measures To Keep Your Household Safe From Covid19HerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeautyYou’ll Want To Get Married Twice Or Even More Just To Put Them OnHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeauty8 Easy Exotic Meals Anyone Can MakeHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeauty9 Gorgeous Looks That Have Been Classic Go-tos For DecadesHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeauty12 Most Breathtaking Trends In Fashion HistoryHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeautyAmazing Sparks Of On-Screen Chemistry From The 90-sHerbeautyHerbeauty 10 recommended0 commentsShareShareTweetSharePin it center_img faithfernandez More » ShareTweetShare on Google+Pin on PinterestSend with WhatsApp,Virtual Schools PasadenaHomes Solve Community/Gov/Pub SafetyPASADENA EVENTS & ACTIVITIES CALENDARClick here for Movie Showtimes First Heatwave Expected Next Week Subscribe Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked * Business News Get our daily Pasadena newspaper in your email box. Free.Get all the latest Pasadena news, more than 10 fresh stories daily, 7 days a week at 7 a.m. Cover Story Rose Parade Accommodations for Disabled Guests By ANGELA MORGAN Published on Thursday, November 12, 2015 | 12:31 pm EVENTS & ENTERTAINMENT | FOOD & DRINK | THE ARTS | REAL ESTATE | HOME & GARDEN | WELLNESS | SOCIAL SCENE | GETAWAYS | PARENTS & KIDS Home of the Week: Unique Pasadena Home Located on Madeline Drive, Pasadenalast_img read more

Kwanzaa’s 50th Anniversary is a Call for Unity, La Pintoresca Library Event Organizer Says

first_img Community News Get our daily Pasadena newspaper in your email box. Free.Get all the latest Pasadena news, more than 10 fresh stories daily, 7 days a week at 7 a.m. EVENTS & ENTERTAINMENT | FOOD & DRINK | THE ARTS | REAL ESTATE | HOME & GARDEN | WELLNESS | SOCIAL SCENE | GETAWAYS | PARENTS & KIDS Community News Make a comment More Cool Stuff Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked * 12 recommended0 commentsShareShareTweetSharePin it Herbeauty10 Sea Salt Scrubs You Can Make YourselfHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeautyThe Most Obvious Sign A Guy Likes You Is When He Does ThisHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeauty6 Lies You Should Stop Telling Yourself Right NowHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeautyCostume That Makes Actresses Beneath Practically UnrecognizableHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeauty11 Yummy Spices For A Flat TummyHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeautyWant To Seriously Cut On Sugar? You Need To Know A Few TricksHerbeautyHerbeauty Subscribe faithfernandez More » ShareTweetShare on Google+Pin on PinterestSend with WhatsApp,Virtual Schools PasadenaHomes Solve Community/Gov/Pub SafetyPASADENA EVENTS & ACTIVITIES CALENDARClick here for Movie Showtimescenter_img Business News First Heatwave Expected Next Week The Pasadena Alumnae Chapter of Delta Sigma Theta Sorority hosted a Kwanzaa celebration at the La Pintoresca Branch Library for the 28th annual celebration of the seven principles of Kwanzaa.Kwanzaa is about unity and, this year more than ever, it’s important for all races and ethnicities to come together as a community,” said Pixie Boyden, President of the Alumnae Chapter of Delta Sigma Theta.This year is the 50th anniversary of Kwanzaa, which was created by Dr. Maulana Karenga in 1966 to reconnect African Americans with their roots. It also helps them to celebrate the best of their dual culture and past endeavors, explained Esther Watkins of Delta Sigma Theta.“We have three red candles and three green candles and one black candle. The black candle represents the people. The red candles represent the people’s struggle and the green candle represents their hope for the future,” said Esther Watkins, Chairperson of the Kwanzaa celebration and member of Delta Sigma Theta Sorority.The seven principles of Kwanzaa – Unity, Self-determination, Collective Work and Responsibility, Creativity and Faith – are represented by the Kinara or candle holder. The second day of Kwanzaa celebrated the principle of Kujichagulia or Self-determination which embodies the idea of speaking for yourself and maintaining integrity in words and actions.Special guest, Chimbuko Tembo, the Associate Director of the African American Cultural Center led the kushangilla (rejoicing) and tamshi la tambiko (pouring of the libation). The event also included a performance of the Black National Anthem, storytime, a blessing by Dr. Phyllis Beech, musical performances and a celebratory potluck feast.The Kwanzaa celebration will continue on Thursday, December 29 from 11a.m. to 1p.m. at the La Pintoresca Branch Library; 1355 North Raymond Avenue, Pasadena. Top of the News Pasadena Will Allow Vaccinated People to Go Without Masks in Most Settings Starting on Tuesday Pasadena’s ‘626 Day’ Aims to Celebrate City, Boost Local Economy Gatherings Kwanzaa’s 50th Anniversary is a Call for Unity, La Pintoresca Library Event Organizer Says Story and Photography by VERONICA AN Published on Tuesday, December 27, 2016 | 2:02 pm Name (required)  Mail (required) (not be published)  Website  Home of the Week: Unique Pasadena Home Located on Madeline Drive, Pasadenalast_img read more

Deputy Doherty launches scathing attack on budget

first_img Deputy Doherty launches scathing attack on budget Facebook Guidelines for reopening of hospitality sector published By News Highland – December 6, 2011 RELATED ARTICLESMORE FROM AUTHOR WhatsApp Google+ Pinterest Previous articleThe Society of the Irish Motor Industry says motorists an easy targetNext articleOmagh earmarked for jobs in proposed NI Health Adminstration shake up News Highland Three factors driving Donegal housing market – Robinson Business Matters Ep 45 – Boyd Robinson, Annette Houston & Michael Margey Twittercenter_img News Sinn Féin has launched a scathing attack on the Budget.Finance Spokesman Pearse Doherty says it will hit those who are least able to afford it.He said the Government said the Finance Ministers Mortgage Interest Relief increase of 30% proves he doesn’t understand the situation…..[podcast]http://www.highlandradio.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/12/pd1.mp3[/podcast]Deputy Doherty also called on the Government to clarify if they would sign any European Treaty.He said any changes to treaties could cripple the country for decades….[podcast]http://www.highlandradio.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/12/pd2.mp3[/podcast]And the Sinn Fein Finance Spokesperson concluded by asking; “Will this budget change the lives of the homeless?” He answers no…..[podcast]http://www.highlandradio.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/12/pd3.mp3[/podcast] Google+ Twitter LUH system challenged by however, work to reduce risk to patients ongoing – Dr Hamilton Calls for maternity restrictions to be lifted at LUH WhatsApp Facebook Pinterest Almost 10,000 appointments cancelled in Saolta Hospital Group this week last_img read more

Improved hearing protection in the pipeline

first_imgImproved hearing protection in the pipelineOn 1 Dec 2002 in Personnel Today Comments are closed. Previous Article Next Article European politicians have cleared the way for a new directive that shouldlead to much quieter workplaces and greater hearing protection for workers. The Noise at Work directive will give the estimated 700,000 British workersexposed to loud noise at work access to free hearing tests. The directive willbe implemented by the end of 2005. The new law will prohibit noise levels in the workplace of more than 90 dBon average, and reduce the noise levels at which action should be taken from 90to 85 dB. There will also be a requirement on employers to provide hearing protectionto workers currently exposed to between 80 and 85 dB, as well as extending the rightto hearing tests to a larger group of workers. The agreement has been welcomed by the TUC, Royal National Institution forthe Deaf and the European Federation of the Hard of Hearing. A TUC survey recently found that one in five workplace representatives wasconcerned about noise in the workplace, with the greatest concerns in the NorthWest and the Midlands. The three industries where most concern was expressed were manufacturing (54per cent), construction (42 per cent) and leisure (33 per cent). Related posts:No related photos.last_img read more

CPD: A guide to psychological screening and surveillance in the workplace

first_img View all posts by Noreen Tehrani → Occupational health practitioners should always be on the lookout for psychosocial workplace hazards. Noreen Tehrani explains more.Health surveillance and screening are a familiar part of an OH adviser’s role, involving a systematic approach to the identification of early signs of work-related ill health or injury. This article is concerned with the need for OH providers to undertake surveillance in relation to known psychosocial workplace hazards that have been shown to cause harm to workers.The Management of Health and Safety at Work (1999) legislation provides the necessary framework, with a specific reference to the need for surveillance: “Every employer shall ensure that his employees are provided with such health surveillance as is appropriate having regard to the risks to their health and safety which are identified by the assessment.”Surveillance falls within the wider risk control and management cycle in which organisations are required to undertake key five activities – see box below. The Health and Safety Executive (HSE) has also identified a number of psychosocial workplace hazards that are less extreme, including bullying, harassment and workplace stress (Rick et al, 2001).While occupational surveillance shares some of the features and tools of clinical research, it is not designed to generate or create new scientific knowledge, but rather it uses existing knowledge and research to prevent disease or injury, enhance resilience and increase wellbeing in employees who may become exposed to an identified health hazard (Otto et al, 2014).A review of the risks inherent in organisations (European Agency for Safety and Health at Work, 2011) identified a number of hazards in emergency services that included physical exposures such as musculoskeletal hazards, and radioactive, chemical and biological substances. However, in addition to these physical hazards, the agency identified psychological hazards including exposure to disasters, dealing with multiple deaths, body recovery, transport accidents, terrorism, fires, shootings and other threats to life.Five steps of risk assessment1. Identify the risks in the workplace: What hazards exist and how could these hazards affect the health and wellbeing of employees?2. Find out who might be harmed and how this might occur: Who might be exposed? Which groups are particularly vulnerable? How could they become exposed? Which roles or tasks are particularly hazardous?3. Analyse and evaluate the level of risk: What is the likelihood of an injury occurring? What could be the magnitude of harm caused? How can the risk be measured?4. Establish ways to reduce the risks: What are the control measures? Are they proportionate? How should they be implemented? Who would be responsible?5. Record, monitor, review and improve: How is the surveillance programme working? How do we compare with other organisations?The surveillance of psychosocial hazards should be treated with the same importance and urgency as physical surveillance, in order to support organisations to meet their duty of care to their workforce (Acas, 2012).1. Identifying the psychosocial risks to healthMany occupations involve activities that are known to have potential for causing psychological harm and therefore can be foreseen. The HSE has developed management standards that identified five potential hazards that should be monitored and controlled in organisations (HSE, 2009). These stress-related hazards include: lack of control and support; exposure to conflicting relationships; poorly defined roles; and organisational change. These can result in the workers suffering psychological injuries including anxiety and depressive disorders.In addition to workplace stress, a large number of occupations are exposed to more extreme hazards as part of their work. These include: emergency services; social work; teaching; retail; humanitarian assistance; transport; engineering; and construction. These workers are exposed directly or indirectly to death, trauma and distress where the possibility of psychological injury is known and is therefore foreseeable under the law.There is a significant body of evidence to demonstrate that workers directly exposed to traumatic events, including body handling, shootings, transportation disasters, physical attack, verbal abuse, harassment and accidents during the course of their work, have an increased risk of developing post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), major depression, anxiety, and/or alcohol or drug dependency (Breslau, 1998). The latest version of the American Psychiatric Association (APA) guide to psychiatric disorders provides descriptions of stress-related hazards that can lead to PTSD, acute stress disorder and adjustment disorder.During this phase of the cycle, the employer, often assisted by the OH service, needs to be examining all the roles within their organisation to identify any known hazards to the psychological health of employees. The OH service can help by examining the research into work-related psychological injury; this may involve looking at claims for compensation, stress/trauma research and epidemiology.2. Find out who might be harmed and how this might occurAfter the risk assessment has been completed, the next stage of the control cycle is to identify which workers are at greatest risk and how they might be harmed. There is growing evidence to show that certain employees are at more risk than others; the Management of Health and Safety at Work Regulations identify a number of categories of employees who require particular attention, including new and expectant mothers and young people.Research into anxiety, depression and traumatic stress has shown a wider range of vulnerability that includes gender, personality, level of education, pre-existing disorders and early life abuse. These factors have been shown to increase the impact of an exposure to a hazardous event and need to be considered in recruitment, task design and the provision of support. It is important for the OH service to identify which individuals may be at more risk, to introduce reasonable adjustments and to take account of these vulnerabilities when planning and undertaking a surveillance programme (Breslau, 2009; Alexander and Klein, 2003; McFarlane, 2004).This phase of the control cycle requires employers to consider how particular employees are exposed to a hazard. Understanding their roles and how these roles are undertaken is important; this would generally mean interviewing workers to find out how they engage in hazardous tasks to identify what might be involved in increasing or mitigating the risks. For example, a traffic warden’s role is to identify dangerous and illegal parking and to issue parking tickets where appropriate. The traffic warden faces the hazard of being assaulted by an angry driver; this risk may be increased or mitigated by the level of the traffic warden’s training in the use of interpersonal skills.3. Analyse and evaluate the level of riskThe most effective way to systematically analyse and evaluate the level of psychological risk within an organisation is through psychological screening. It is important to check the reliability and validity of the questionnaire and to make sure that the person administering and interpreting the results is trained and competent in psychometric testing. There are a number of questionnaires and screening tools that have been developed that can be used to help analyse and evaluate the level of psychological risk faced by workers. Research has been undertaken in clinical and organisational settings to create measures that assess the levels of symptoms and also identify vulnerability and protective factors implicated in the development of psychiatric disorders. Wilson and Keane (2004) provide a good review of assessment tools and gauge their reliability and validity in assessing trauma symptoms.An effective surveillance programme also measures other relevant factors, including personal vulnerability where gender, introversion/extroversion and neuroticism/emotional stability have been shown to be important factors (Tehrani, in press). A number of psychometric tools can be used to measure personality, one of the earliest being the three-factor EPI (Eysenck and Eysenck, 1975) and more recently the five-factor NEO-PI (Costa and McCrae,1992). Both personality questionnaires measure the important extraversion/introversion and neuroticism/stability continuums. Personality tests can only be interpreted by a British Psychology Society (BPS) registered and qualified test user (BPS, 2014).The effective use of coping skills and personal resilience factors can also be helpful in identifying vulnerability to harm. There are a number of valid and reliable measures that can be used to assess individual resilience, including measures such as COPE (Carver et al, 1989), hardiness (Bartone et al, 2008) and sense of coherence (Antonovsky, 1993). Some of these questionnaires can only be used by a registered psychologist (BPS, 2014), while others are more widely available (Brewin, 2005).The OH service may be able to access a provider of electronic psychological screening or employ a suitably qualified psychologist to undertake the screening on their behalf (Association of Chief Police Officers (ACPO), 2009). Having undertaken surveillance screening, the OH service should then identify psychological “hotspots” where employees are experiencing above the expected levels of clinical symptoms. The OH service will need to discuss this with the managers and employees to identify what might have caused the change in symptoms, examining organisational factors including: recruitment training; procedures; workload; and control or changes in the nature, incidence or magnitude of the psychological hazard.As the use of psychological surveillance increases, it should become possible to benchmark with organisations facing similar hazards.4. Establish possible ways to reduce the risksThe control cycle involves three levels of risk reduction interventions: primary interventions, involving changes to working practices or procedures; secondary interventions, which help employees manage their responses to hazards without attempting to eliminate or modify them (training aimed at increasing resilience and coping skills are useful in reducing the impact of psychological hazards); and tertiary interventions, involving the provision of individual support (Jordan et al, 2003).Primary interventions require management agreement and support as they will typically involve changes in ways of working, equipment or procedures. The use of benchmarking with other organisations can identify gaps and opportunities for improvements; this is a good way to highlight what might be done to reduce the primary risks.Secondary interventions can involve the OH service in developing educational presentations to help the employee recognise how to reduce the risk of psychological harm and identify the early signs of distress. One of the more effective ways of reducing the risk of psychological ill health is the structured interview with employees, which combines secondary and tertiary interventions. Employees identified as experiencing difficulties in the screening should be offered a structured interview, which will help to identify the most appropriate intervention options. These options may include training to increase resilience or coping, an adjustment to the role, additional management support or redeployment to an alternative role. Employees suffering from clinical symptoms may require a referral for therapy or psychiatric treatment.5. Record, monitor, review and improveOrganisations need to maintain records on how they are handling physical and psychological risks to employees. Not only is this important to the surveillance process but it also helps to demonstrate that the organisation is meeting its legal duties. OH departments should work with management to ensure that data is collected and that opportunities for improvement are taken.It is important that the OH service maintains a risk register, which covers any significant psychological risk and a record of the results from the programme of surveillance. OH can then provide management with the information on the fitness of employees to undertake their role. Where an employee is currently unfit then the OH service will provide advice on any adjustments or need for redeployment in an alternative role. Management will then also be provided with information on the operation of the surveillance programme, the numbers of people engaging in the programme, number of roles assessed as needing to be part of the surveillance programme, levels of fitness, areas of concern and opportunities for improvement (Everton, 2013).DiscussionBy using these five steps, OH can support management in bringing about real change in psychological wellbeing within organisations. There will be a requirement to work with others where particular skills are needed to augment the standard OH provisions, but there is a lot that OH advisers can do using their existing skills and knowledge of the workplace to implement workplace surveillance with confidence.In 2012, the Department of Health discussed a vision of the future where surveillance would play an important role in reducing the burden of ill health. However, to achieve the potential benefits there will be a need to bring together systems and expertise from organisations and public health to establish a minimum standard surveillance model, which could inform future directions in reducing the incidence of preventable morbidity and mortality. There is a rich seam of information available within organisations – all that is needed is a desire to gather it.ReferencesACAS (2012). Defining an employer’s duty of care, downloaded 29 August 2014Association of Chief Police Officers (2009). ACPO Combating Child Abuse on the Internet (CCAI): practice advice on the protection of workers engaged in identifying, investigating, tracking and preventing online child abuse (internal document).Alexander D, Klein S (2003). “The epidemiology of PTSD and patient vulnerability factors”. Psychiatry; 2 (6), pp.22-26.Antonovsky A (1993). “The structure and properties of the sense of coherence scale”. Social Science Medicine; 36 (6), pp.725-733.APA (2013). Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, fifth edition, Washington DC: American Psychiatric Association.Bartone PT, Roland RR, Picano JJ, Williams TJ (2008). “Psychological hardiness predicts success in US army special forces candidates”. International Journal of Assessment and Selection; 16 (1), pp.78-81.BPS 2014. Psychological Testing Centre.Breslau N (1998). “Epidemiology of trauma and post-trauamtic stress disorder”, in R Yehuda Ed, Psychological Trauma. Washington DC: American Psychiatric Association.Breslau, N (2009). “The epidemiology of trauma, PTSD, and other post-trauma disorders”, Trauma, Violence and Abuse; 10 (3), pp.198-210.Brewin C (2005). “Systematic review of screening instruments for adults at risk of PTSD”. Journal of Traumatic Stress; 18 (1), pp.53-62.Carver CS, Scheier MF, Weintraub JK (1989). “Assessing coping strategies: A theoretically based approach”. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology; 56, pp.267-283.Costa PT, McCrae RR (1992). “Normal personality assessment in clinical practice: the NEO personality inventory”. Journal of Personality and Assessment; 4, pp.5-13.Department of Health (2012). Public health surveillance: towards a public health surveillance strategy for England. London: TSO.European Agency for Safety and Health at Work (2011). “Emergency services: a literature review on occupational safety and health risks”. Luxembourg: publications office of the European Union.Everton S (2013). “Health Surveillance”, in Greta Thornbory (Ed) Contemporary Occupational Health Nursing: A Guide for Practitioners. London: Routledge.Eysenck HJ, Eysenck SBG (1975). Manual of the Eysenck Personality Questionnaire (Junior and Adult). Kent, UK: Hodder & Stoughton.HSE (2009). “How to tackle work-related stress: A guide for employers on making the management standards work”. Sudbury: HSE Books.Jordan J, Gurr G, Tinline G, Giga S, Faragher B, Cooper C (2003). “Beacons of excellence in stress prevention”. Sudbury: HSE Books.Management of Health and Safety at Work (1999).McFarlane A (2004). “The contribution of epidemiology to the study of traumatic stress”. Social Psychiatry and Psychometric Epidemiology; 39, pp.874-882.Otto JL, Holodniy M, DeFraites RF (2014). “Public health practice is not research”. American Journal of Public Health; 104 (4), pp.596-602.Rick J, Briner RB, Daniels K, Perryman S, Guppy A (2001). “A critical review of psychosocial hazard measures”. Sudbury: HSE Books.Tehrani N (in press). “Extroversion, neuroticism and secondary trauma in child protection investigators”, Journal of Forensic Practice.Wilson JP, Keane TM (2004). Assessing Psychological Trauma and PTSD. New York: Guildford Press. Previous Article Next Article CPD: Understanding the psychological concepts underpinning resiliencePersonal levels of resilience may help to determine how well, or not, an individual copes with the mental and emotional… Coronavirus: lockdown ‘phase two’ may bring added headaches for occupational healthNiggles, aches, pains and anxieties stored up during lockdown need to be nipped in the bud before they become long-term… Related posts:center_img Comments are closed. CPD: A guide to psychological screening and surveillance in the workplaceBy Noreen Tehrani on 23 Jan 2015 in Anxiety, Mental health conditions, Continuing professional development, Occupational Health, Personnel Today About Noreen Tehrani Noreen Tehrani is dean of the Applied Psychology Faculty at the Professional Development Foundation, and managing director at Noreen Tehrani Associates. Website: www.noreentehrani.com Together alone: staying well as OH practitioners in challenging timesDr Nerina Ramlakhan explains how occupational health professionals can balance supporting the health needs of employers and employees while, at…last_img read more