Category: rkzznkmtcnky

Glaxosmithkline Consumer Nigeria Plc ( Q12015 Interim Report

first_imgGlaxosmithkline Consumer Nigeria Plc ( listed on the Nigerian Stock Exchange under the Pharmaceuticals sector has released it’s 2015 interim results for the first quarter.For more information about Glaxosmithkline Consumer Nigeria Plc ( reports, abridged reports, interim earnings results and earnings presentations, visit the Glaxosmithkline Consumer Nigeria Plc ( company page on AfricanFinancials.Document: Glaxosmithkline Consumer Nigeria Plc (  2015 interim results for the first quarter.Company ProfileGlaxosmithkline Consumer Nigeria Plc manufactures and markets a range of consumer healthcare and pharmaceutical products in Nigeria. Its product portfolio includes treatments for asthma, HIV/AIDS, malaria, depression, migraines, diabetes, heart failure, digestive ailments and cancer. Consumer healthcare products include oral healthcare products; wellness products for the management of pain, gastro-intestinal and respiratory conditions; multivitamins; and a range of nutritional healthcare beverages. Glaxosmithkline Consumer Nigeria Plc produces a range of antibacterial products and vaccines to protect against illnesses such as hepatitis A and B, diphtheria, tetanus, whooping cough, typhoid, influenza and cervical cancer. The company was formerly known as Beecham Limited. Its head office is in Lagos, Nigeria. Glaxosmithkline Consumer Nigeria Plc is listed on the Nigerian Stock Exchangelast_img read more

What is charity?

Howard Lake | 14 May 2000 | News What is charity? About Howard Lake Howard Lake is a digital fundraising entrepreneur. Publisher of UK Fundraising, the world’s first web resource for professional fundraisers, since 1994. Trainer and consultant in digital fundraising. Founder of Fundraising Camp and co-founder of Researching massive growth in giving. What is charity? Rowan Williams considers this issue in his new book on modern social philosophy Lost Icons: Reflections on Cultural Bereavement.  10 total views,  1 views today AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThis AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThis read more

Whitewater merges with The Direct Marketing Group

first_img About Howard Lake Howard Lake is a digital fundraising entrepreneur. Publisher of UK Fundraising, the world’s first web resource for professional fundraisers, since 1994. Trainer and consultant in digital fundraising. Founder of Fundraising Camp and co-founder of Researching massive growth in giving. AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThis Tagged with: Consulting & Agencies  53 total views,  1 views today AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThis Howard Lake | 5 June 2007 | Newscenter_img Whitewater merges with The Direct Marketing Group Direct marketing agency Whitewater Creative Services, the fundraising and nonprofit sector specialists, merged yesterday with The Direct Marketing Group (previously known as The Millennium Group).Whitewater was originally established as a design business in 1987. Following a management buy out in 2000, with Claire Page and Steve Andrews becoming the majority shareholders, the agency expanded its services.With assistance from Results International, the corporate finance advisor in the marketing communications industry, it began identifying an appropriate partner to help it continue its growth. The Direct Marketing Group, a full service direct marketing group, was chosen “both in terms of the growth potential and cultural compatibility”. Advertisement Whitewater’s specialisation in charity direct marketing will help complement DMG’s existing direct marketing presence, and Whitewater will benefit from DMG’s centralised resources, commitment to consumer research and insight, data management, print buying power, media buying and digital capabilities. Whitewater, headed by Chairman and Managing Director Steve Andrews, will continue to operate under its own name, under the umbrella of DMG. Writing on the agency’s corporate blog, Andrews added that the merger will offer Whitewater “an unrivaled understanding and segmentation model of the 50+ market, so essential for charities… [and] enormous print buying power, meaning cheaper prices for our clients.”Following the merger, will have a total of 300 staff, and a turnover of £45 million. It is headed by Martin Smith as Group Managing Director.Keith Hunt, Managing Partner Corporate Finance at Results International, said: “We have worked on behalf of Whitewater over the past 11 months assessing a range of potential partners. Their merger with The Direct Marketing Group means joining other strong players in direct marketing who all share a common commitment to outstanding service and product innovation; we’re confident the deal will prove rewarding to all agencies.”last_img read more

Documentary on Social Impact Bonds to premiere in May

first_imgDocumentary on Social Impact Bonds to premiere in May About Melanie May Melanie May is a journalist and copywriter specialising in writing both for and about the charity and marketing services sectors since 2001. She can be reached via Tagged with: Finance video AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThis22 Melanie May | 16 April 2018 | News  134 total views,  2 views today AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThis22  133 total views,  1 views today The Invisible Heart, believed by the makers to be the world’s first documentary about Social Impact Bonds, premieres next month.The film launches on 8 May in Canada and 11 May in New Zealand, with dates in Australia, US and UK to be announced.Filmed in Canada, the US and UK over three years and directed by filmmaker Nadine Pequeneza, The Invisible Heart follows SIB inventor and promoter Sir Ronald Cohen, as he travels the globe pitching politicians and investors against the backdrop of a growing SIB market. It examines SIBs from design to implementation through the eyes of venture capitalists, philanthropists, labour leaders, economists, social workers and end users, questioning the impact of profit incentives on the delivery of social services, and looking at what happens when capitalism and charity intersect. The film includes Toronto’s Mainstay Housing (main image), following its Executive Director, Brigitte Witkowski through the design of a SIB aimed at housing the chronically homeless, as well as the evolution and launch of Canada’s first health-related SIB to reduce heart disease.Pequeneza said: “As a filmmaker who has spent many years looking at difficult social issues, I am encouraged by the SIB model’s focus on prevention, and its ability to highlight not just the social but also the financial value of early intervention. I am also excited by the idea that SIBs could increase public involvement in solving social problems by allowing citizens a way to invest directly in effective, local programs. But my optimism is tempered by the dangers of introducing a profit incentive driven by “success” outcomes. The Invisible Heart explores all sides of this issue.” Advertisementlast_img read more

April 18-22: Days of action to demand end to U.S. blockade of Cuba

first_imgGrassroots advocates for ending the economic, commercial and financial blockade of Cuba — which still chokes off trade with the socialist island despite advances in the diplomatic sphere — will walk the House and Senate hallways on April 19 to 21.The week’s activities will wrap up with a Community Forum on Friday, April 22, from 7 p.m. to 9 p.m. at the University of the District of Columbia David A. Clarke School of Law, in the 5th floor Moot Court room. “Through Cuban Eyes” will feature presentations by and a question-and-answer session with a spectrum of Cuban experts. The keynote speaker is Cuban Ambassador José Ramón Cabañas.Invited guests from Cuba include a physician and nurse whose international service included fighting the Ebola outbreak in Liberia, in West Africa, and who are experts in Cuba’s public health achievements; Luisa Campos, the director of the Havana Literacy Museum and well-versed in Cuba’s Yo Sí Puedo method, known for its global literacy success; and Cuban journalism student Jorgito Jerez. Born with cerebral palsy in 1993, Jerez’s life story is captured in the documentary “Power of the Weak” by German videographer Tobias Kriele. Both Jerez and Kriele will premiere the video in New York City from April 14 through 18 before coming to Washington, where screenings are organized for April 20 at American University and on April 21 at the University of the District of Columbia. The Days of Action is a collaboration by the International Committee for Peace, Justice and Dignity; IFCO/Pastors for Peace; the Venceremos Brigade; the Institute for Policy Studies; the National Network on Cuba; and others.For more information, the events schedule and to reserve your seat for the Friday evening forum, go to FacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmailPrintMoreShare thisFacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmailPrintMoreShare thislast_img read more

Elections under siege; time to mobilize

first_imgChapel Hill, N.C.The sitting president of the United States has once again vowed to flout the results of the 2020 election. Donald Trump has called on his supporters — including police and sheriffs — to go to the polls on election day. He implies their role is to prevent people from voting — people he expects will vote against him. He implies if he loses the vote, he’ll defy the will of the people from a position of control of the government and in de facto command of various white supremacist militias around the U.S.In Alabama in the mid-1960s, the Lowndes County Freedom Organization defended the right to vote for the Black community–the origin of the Black Panther Party.Trump’s words indicate that an increasingly desperate and violent faction of the ruling class is preparing to call into question even the theater of elections. As ever, voter suppression and violence will be felt first and foremost by nationally and/or gender-oppressed members of the working class, especially in the South.Trump’s threats have already aroused resistance. Locally in the South, workers’ organizations have started fighting back. Antiwar military veteran groups called for poll watchers to facilitate voting for the voters whom Trump’s people want to suppress. More Than a Vote, a collective of athletes headlined by LeBron James, is fighting to combat voter suppression by increasing the number of poll workers in Black electoral districts. And one group has asked the United Nations to supply poll watchers.Trump incites violence at pollsOn April 17, Trump took to Twitter to call for his supporters to “Liberate Michigan.” Two weeks later, police stood back as armed reactionary groups entered the Capitol to threaten Gov. Gretchen Whitmer for taking measures against the pandemic — and for daring to be a woman running Michigan.On Oct. 8, federal law officers announced they had disrupted a plan by militia groups to kidnap Whitmer. No one on the left would look to the FBI to defend democracy, so its involvement in this case illustrates the heightening contradictions within the U.S. political system and the dangers ahead. This recent attack against the Michigan governor mirrors earlier actions in June 2019 in Oregon. At that time, armed militias shut down the statehouse to prevent a legislative session from taking place. The militias specifically targeted another of the few women elected as governors in the U.S., Gov. Kate Brown, an openly bisexual woman.The combination of male chauvinism and racism, which leads white gunmen hellbent on besieging the government to overturn nominally democratic processes, is itself an immediate threat. Should Trump be voted out, yet try to remain in office on Nov. 3, this threat will escalate further. Even the corporate-owned news media expressed vague alarm at Trump’s reaction to clear demands he condemn white supremacist militias such as the Proud Boys. During his first presidential debate with Biden, Trump instead told these fascists to “Stand by” — an order more akin to his tweet to “Liberate Michigan,” which is connected to the assault on Michigan’s Capitol. Trump’s public statements are a likely signal of what to be ready for on election day and immediately thereafter. It is worth noting that this voter intimidation is nothing new. It was uniform throughout the South in the Jim Crow period. And as recently as 2017, a court ruling freed the Republican party from a 35-year-old consent decree banning the party from coordinating voter intimidation efforts. This is the first major election cycle after the courts gutted an renewed attempt at voter protection. And what happened? A sitting president called for the exact same attempts at voter intimidation deployed decades earlier. The working class fights back! The International Association Against Torture (IAAT-AICT) and the December 12th Movement have called on the United Nations to provide international election observers from the African Union or CARICOM (Caribbean Community), the major organizations of Black U.N. member states, to observe the U.S. elections next month. A letter signed by D12M leaders points out Trump’s threats and the dangers of having groups like the Proud Boys at the polling places, in terms of denying ballot access to Black people in the U.S.And as the working class thinks globally, it may also act locally. Voter intimidation has always been the sharpest in the South, and in North Carolina, Black Workers for Justice has echoed the demands of the IAAT-AICT and D12M, but also called for local action. Their statement reads in part:“Social movement and civic organizations are organizing ‘Safe Vote’/ activities that include culture, grassroots surveillance and security. These measures need to be widespread and highly organized whether in urban areas or polls in rural communities. In the remaining days leading up to the election, our communities need to be assured that if they haven’t voted by mail, that when they show up at the polls, someone will have their backs. This work is an important way for activists to connect with their neighbors, co-workers and allies.“Another important tool that has been suggested by Mississippi activists is to call on local police chiefs and sheriffs, now, to publicly state what they intend to do if the Proud Boys or other similar forces show up. Put them on the record about whose side they are on.”There are many existing efforts at community self-defense at poll sites, such as the Democracy N.C. election protection program, which has previously been covered in Workers World ( and the call by the Election Defenders. ( strongest defense for the working class and the oppressed is solidarity — internationalist, proletarian, and as ever, in the streets, factories and shops.Regardless of what happens in November our only way forward is to stay mobilized! Keep it in the streets! FacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmailPrintMoreShare thisFacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmailPrintMoreShare thislast_img read more

Letter to prime minister condemning journalist’s dismissal from national TV station

first_img News June 10, 2021 Find out more Time is pressing, 20 years after Burkinabe journalist’s murder Organisation The producer and host of the programme “Em Directo” for more than a year, Lima had been planning to record an interview in early December with Carlos Veiga, a candidate for the post of prime minister in Cape Verde. Although Medeiros had previously given his agreement, he suddenly cancelled the planned interview.Lima responded by writing an article for the online newspaper Tela Non in which she described the cancellation of the interview as an act of censorship. The next day, Medeiros told her that her contract would not be renewed at the end of the month “on the government’s orders.” Her programme, “Em directo,” was then suspended.“We are shocked to learn of Ms. Lima’s dismissal from TVS, as this programme was a big success in São Tomé and she has always been admired and appreciated by viewers and media professionals alike,” the letter to prime minister said. “We firmly condemn the government’s meddling in TVS’s operations. This act of censorship is a serious violation of free expression and media freedom.”The letter added: “Your government’s intervention in order to have Ms. Lima removed was an arbitrary act that jeopardizes your country’s democratic foundations.”Reporters Without Borders is disturbed to see that, since Trovoada’s appointment as prime minister last August, it has become more complicated for journalists to obtan access to official information. This has hampered the media’s work.To support Lima, please sign this online petition . Reporters Without Borders wrote today to São Tomé and Príncipe’s prime minister, Patrice Emery Trovoada, and to the head of the national television station TVS, Oscar Medeiros, to condemn journalist Maria da Conceição de Deus Lima’s sudden dismissal by TVS and to request an explanation.The letters also urged them to rehire Lima and to make respect for media freedom a priority. June 8, 2021 Find out more January 25, 2011 – Updated on January 20, 2016 Letter to prime minister condemning journalist’s dismissal from national TV station Africa Follow the news on Africa Reporters Without Borders rallies former hostages in Paris, following the kidnapping of journalist Olivier Dubois. RSF_en June 7, 2021 Find out more Twitter blocked, journalism threatened in Nigeria Africa Receive email alerts News Help by sharing this information News News to go furtherlast_img read more

Personal account : Fathimath Nisreen, cyber-dissident imprisoned in the Maldives

first_img Organisation December 2, 2004 – Updated on January 20, 2016 Personal account : Fathimath Nisreen, cyber-dissident imprisoned in the Maldives Follow the news on Maldives News Receive email alerts July 15, 2020 Find out more April 23, 2018 Find out more News to go further MaldivesAsia – Pacific RSF seeks press freedom pledges from Maldives presidential candidates MaldivesAsia – Pacific Maldivian president’s comms chief accused of sexually harassing journalist Help by sharing this information RSF calls for open trial of Maldivian blogger’s accused murderers RSF_en “I was never physically tortured. But the psychological scars from what I underwent in prison are irreversible.” Fathimath Nisreen was arrested in January 2002 for helping to publish an e-mail newsletter called Sandhaanu that covered human rights violations and corruption in the Maldives. Accused of “libel” and “trying to overthrow the government,” she was sentenced to 10 years in prison. This was commuted to five years banishment on Feeail island in 2003. Fathimath was just 22 years old at the time of her trial. A peaceful gathering in protest against the regime began in the capital, Male, on the evening of 12 August 2004, while Fathimath was being allowed to spend several weeks there. Although under house arrest, she was able to participate in the protest. She agreed to talk about the violent crackdown that ensued.”People I did not know came to fetch me by motorcycle on the night of 13 August 2004, asking me to come to a pro-democracy demonstration which had begun that morning in Republic Square. I agree to go with them. I addressed the crowd there, speaking about my experiences and the unfair conviction of which I was a victim. This entirely peaceful rally lasted all night. At 11 a.m. the next day, the National Security Services told the demonstrators to go home. The television and radio relayed these instructions. But no one moved.At around 2:30 p.m., I heard the wail of a siren. I quickly realized the police were going to use tear gas to disperse us. The NSS launched their attack at 3 p.m., using tear gas and raining blows on the demonstrators. I was a bit to one side and watched this terrible scene without being able to react. I don’t understand how these people, who are supposed to protect us, were able to beat us without good reason. I was really traumatised by what I saw that day. More than three months later, I still see what happened in my nightmares. I still have etched in my memory the image of a young boy of about 15 or 16 being beaten with a baton.Some policemen finally came over to me and threatened to hit me. That’s when I fled. I know they would come looking for me at my home, but I went home all the same. They came in the evening and put me into an NSS jeep, handcuffed and blindfolded. While being detained, a policeman behind me touched my genitals. I would never have believed that members of the security services would do anything like that. It was disgusting.At first I spent two days, still handcuffed and blindfolded, in a room with 25 other detainees, men and women. It was only on the third day that they told me that I had been arrested for taking part in an illegal gathering. I was questioned for the first time on 17 August. I told them I wanted to see my lawyer, but they refused, telling me that President Gayoom had proclaimed a state of emergency and that any basic right could be violated during this period. I was never physically tortured during the subsequent interrogation sessions, but they shouted at me and tried to scare me.I was transferred to Dhoonidhu prison on 21 August and shut in a small cell with another woman detainee. My mother was able to visit me for the first time. She had been deeply shocked by my arrest and seemed to be suffering from depression. After her visit, I prayed every day for her.They interrogated me several times. One day, they asked me if I wanted the president to resign. I replied that I found it intolerable that a man used religion to keep himself in power and that, furthermore, there was no justice in my country because of him. The police insulted me on several occasions during these interrogation sessions, even calling me a prostitute.I got out of prison on 24 October. Prior to that, I had to undergo a final interrogation in which the police tried to make me sign a statement. I refused to do so in my lawyer’s absence. When I read the statement, I saw that several of the things I had said had been changed and that entire passages had been added. They finally agreed to put me under house arrest without my signing the statement.I was never physically tortured. But the psychological scars from what I underwent in prison are irreversible. Today I am more determined that ever to fight so that we are respected as human beings. Our suffering won’t stop as long as this regime endures. Fortunately, I have faith in God, who works for humankind’s good and who will always support us.”Fathimath Nisreen should shortly be sent to Feeail Island to serve her sentence of banishment. She has suffered from back pain since she went to prison but has not received appropriate medical treatment. September 12, 2018 Find out more News Fathimath Nisreen was arrested in January 2002 for contributing to a newsletter critical of the government. Although she was sentenced to banishment on a small island in the archipeligo, in August 2004 she was given permission to take up temporary residence in the capital. The cyberdissident was imprisoned yet again after taking part in a pro-democracy demonstration. She describes her ordeal in prison. Newslast_img read more

JPL’s Juno Spacecraft in Orbit Around Mighty Jupiter

first_img Get our daily Pasadena newspaper in your email box. Free.Get all the latest Pasadena news, more than 10 fresh stories daily, 7 days a week at 7 a.m. 2 recommended0 commentsShareShareTweetSharePin it Community News Science and Technology JPL’s Juno Spacecraft in Orbit Around Mighty Jupiter From STAFF REPORTS Published on Monday, July 4, 2016 | 9:39 pm Subscribe Pasadena Will Allow Vaccinated People to Go Without Masks in Most Settings Starting on Tuesday Top of the News Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked * First Heatwave Expected Next Week Business News Community Newscenter_img After an almost five-year journey to the solar system’s largest planet, NASA’s Juno spacecraft successfully entered Jupiter’s orbit during a 35-minute engine burn. Confirmation that the burn had completed was received on Earth at 8:53 p.m. Monday, July 4.“Independence Day always is something to celebrate, but today we can add to America’s birthday another reason to cheer — Juno is at Jupiter,” said NASA Administrator Charlie Bolden. “And what is more American than a NASA mission going boldly where no spacecraft has gone before? With Juno, we will investigate the unknowns of Jupiter’s massive radiation belts to delve deep into not only the planet’s interior, but into how Jupiter was born and how our entire solar system evolved.”Confirmation of a successful orbit insertion was received from Juno tracking data monitored at the navigation facility at NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) in Pasadena, California, as well as at the Lockheed Martin Juno operations center in Denver. The telemetry and tracking data were received by NASA’s Deep Space Network antennas in Goldstone, California, and Canberra, Australia.“This is the one time I don’t mind being stuck in a windowless room on the night of the Fourth of July,” said Scott Bolton, principal investigator of Juno from Southwest Research Institute in San Antonio. “The mission team did great. The spacecraft did great. We are looking great. It’s a great day.”Preplanned events leading up to the orbital insertion engine burn included changing the spacecraft’s attitude to point the main engine in the desired direction and then increasing the spacecraft’s rotation rate from 2 to 5 revolutions per minute (RPM) to help stabilize it..The burn of Juno’s 645-Newton Leros-1b main engine began on time at 8:18 p.m. PDT (11:18 p.m. EDT), decreasing the spacecraft’s velocity by 1,212 mph (542 meters per second) and allowing Juno to be captured in orbit around Jupiter. Soon after the burn was completed, Juno turned so that the sun’s rays could once again reach the 18,698 individual solar cells that give Juno its energy.“The spacecraft worked perfectly, which is always nice when you’re driving a vehicle with 1.7 billion miles on the odometer,” said Rick Nybakken, Juno project manager from JPL. “Jupiter orbit insertion was a big step and the most challenging remaining in our mission plan, but there are others that have to occur before we can give the science team members the mission they are looking for.”Over the next few months, Juno’s mission and science teams will perform final testing on the spacecraft’s subsystems, final calibration of science instruments and some science collection.“Our official science collection phase begins in October, but we’ve figured out a way to collect data a lot earlier than that,” said Bolton. “Which when you’re talking about the single biggest planetary body in the solar system is a really good thing. There is a lot to see and do here.”Juno’s principal goal is to understand the origin and evolution of Jupiter. With its suite of nine science instruments, Juno will investigate the existence of a solid planetary core, map Jupiter’s intense magnetic field, measure the amount of water and ammonia in the deep atmosphere, and observe the planet’s auroras. The mission also will let us take a giant step forward in our understanding of how giant planets form and the role these titans played in putting together the rest of the solar system. As our primary example of a giant planet, Jupiter also can provide critical knowledge for understanding the planetary systems being discovered around other stars.The Juno spacecraft launched on Aug. 5, 2011, from Cape Canaveral Air Force Station in Florida. JPL manages the Juno mission for NASA. Juno is part of NASA’s New Frontiers Program, managed at NASA’s Marshall Space Flight Center in Huntsville, Alabama, for the agency’s Science Mission Directorate. Lockheed Martin Space Systems in Denver built the spacecraft. The California Institute of Technology in Pasadena manages JPL for NASA.More information on the Juno mission is available at: the mission on Facebook and Twitter at: Make a comment HerbeautyAt 9 Years Old, This Young Girl Dazzled The World Of FashionHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeautyStop Eating Read Meat (Before It’s Too Late)HerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeautyHe Is Totally In Love With You If He Does These 7 ThingsHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeautyCostume That Makes Actresses Beneath Practically UnrecognizableHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeautyThe Most Obvious Sign A Guy Likes You Is When He Does ThisHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeautyBohemian Summer: How To Wear The Boho Trend RightHerbeautyHerbeauty Name (required)  Mail (required) (not be published)  Website  More Cool Stuff faithfernandez More » ShareTweetShare on Google+Pin on PinterestSend with WhatsApp,Virtual Schools PasadenaHomes Solve Community/Gov/Pub SafetyCitizen Service CenterPASADENA EVENTS & ACTIVITIES CALENDARClick here for Movie Showtimes Pasadena’s ‘626 Day’ Aims to Celebrate City, Boost Local Economy EVENTS & ENTERTAINMENT | FOOD & DRINK | THE ARTS | REAL ESTATE | HOME & GARDEN | WELLNESS | SOCIAL SCENE | GETAWAYS | PARENTS & KIDS Home of the Week: Unique Pasadena Home Located on Madeline Drive, Pasadenalast_img read more

Supreme Court Monthly Digest: May 2020

first_imgTop StoriesSupreme Court Monthly Digest: May 2020 Akshita Saxena28 July 2020 10:09 PMShare This – x1. ‘Common Parlance’, ‘Popular Meaning’, ‘Marketability’ Tests Applicable Only If Tariff Entry Classifiable In More Than One Head: SC Order dated May 1, 2020 The division bench of Justices Deepak Gupta and Aniruddha Bose dismissed the Delhi Central Excise Commissioner’s appeals against the 2008 decision of the CESTAT holding that “car matting” would be chargeable to duty at 8%…Your free access to Live Law has expiredTo read the article, get a premium account.Your Subscription Supports Independent JournalismSubscription starts from ₹ 599+GST (For 6 Months)View PlansPremium account gives you:Unlimited access to Live Law Archives, Weekly/Monthly Digest, Exclusive Notifications, Comments.Reading experience of Ad Free Version, Petition Copies, Judgement/Order Copies.Subscribe NowAlready a subscriber?Login1. ‘Common Parlance’, ‘Popular Meaning’, ‘Marketability’ Tests Applicable Only If Tariff Entry Classifiable In More Than One Head: SC Order dated May 1, 2020 The division bench of Justices Deepak Gupta and Aniruddha Bose dismissed the Delhi Central Excise Commissioner’s appeals against the 2008 decision of the CESTAT holding that “car matting” would be chargeable to duty at 8% under the heading “Carpets and Other Textile Floor Coverings”, and not at 16% under “Vehicles other than Railway or Tramway Rolling-Stock and Parts and Accessories Thereof”. The Court laid down that the “common parlance test”, “marketability test” and “popular meaning test”, which are all “tools for interpretation to arrive at a decision on proper classification of a tariff entry”, would be required to be applied only “if a particular tariff entry is capable of being classified in more than one heads”. In the present case it observed, car mattings are suitable for use “solely” with the vehicle. [Case: Commissioner Of Central Excise, Delhi-III v. M/S. Uni Products India Ltd.] 2. SARFEASI Act Applicable To Cooperative Banks : SC Constitution Bench Order dated May 5, 2020 “The co­operative banks under the State legislation and multi­ State co­operative banks are ‘banks’ under section 2(1)(c) of Securitisation and Reconstruction of Financial Assets and Enforcement of Security Interest Act, 2002”, held the Constitution Bench comprising Justices Arun Mishra, Indira Banerjee, Vineet Saran, MR Shah and Aniruddha Bose. The bench unanimously held that the Parliament had the legislative competence to bring cooperative banks under the ambit of SARFAESI Act. It thus rejected the argument that 2013 amendment to the SARFAESI Act adding ‘mutli-state cooperative bank’ in Section 2(1)(c)(iva) was a “colourable exercise of power”. It also upheld the 2003 notification issued under the Banking Regulation Act 1949 by which co­operative bank was brought within the class of banks entitled to seek recourse to the provisions of the SARFAESI Act. [Case: Pandurang Ganpati Chaugule and others V. Vishwasrao Patil Murgud Sahakari Bank Limited] Also Read: Cooperative Banks Must Comply With Banking Regulation Act And Other Laws Related To Banking: SC 3. Order XXIII Rule 3A CPC: Bar To File Separate Suit Challenging Compromise Decree Applies To Stranger Also: SC Order dated May 6, 2020 The Supreme Court held that the bar under Order 23 Rule 3A Civil Procedure Code to challenge a decree passed on a compromise in a separate suit, also applied to a stranger to the proceedings. A bench comprising Justices AM Khanwilkar and Ajay Rastogi examined the intent behind amending Order 23 and observed that “Finality of decisions is an underlying principle of all adjudicating forums. Thus, creation of further litigation should never be the basis of a compromise between the parties” [Case: Triloki Nath Singh v. Anirudh Singh] 4. HC May Decline To Entertain A Writ Petition Which Raises Complex Questions Of Facts: SC Order dated May 6, 2020 “The High Court may decline to entertain a writ petition when it raises complex questions of facts,” a division bench comprised of Justices AM Khanwilkar and Dinesh Maheshwari reiterated. The bench noted that when the petition raises questions of fact of complex nature which may for their determination require oral and documentary evidence to be produced and proved by the concerned party, the High Courts should be loath in entertaining such writ petitions and instead must relegate the parties to remedy of a civil suit. [Case: Punjab National Bank v. Atmanand Singh] 5. Accused Can Challenge Conviction In Appeal Filed By The State Even If He Did Not Prefer A Formal Appeal: SC Order dated May 6, 2020 A bench of Justices AM Khanwilkar and Dinesh Maheshwari observed that an accused can challenge the finding and order of conviction in the appeal filed by the State, even though the said accused had not preferred a formal appeal. The Court accepted the contention that the accused had a right to challenge the finding of guilt and conviction under Section 326 and 148, IPC, recorded against him, even though the said accused had not preferred a formal appeal against the impugned judgment. Court relied on Chandrakant Patil vs. State through CBI, Sumer Singh vs. Surajbhan Singh & Ors., State of Rajasthan vs. Ramanand vis-à-vis the settled legal position which predicates that in the appeal filed against the sentence on the ground of its inadequacy, the accused may plead for his acquittal or for reduction of the sentence. [Case: State of Rajasthan v. Mehram] 6. HC Cannot Disregard Statutory Limitation Period To Entertain Writ Petition Challenging Order Passed By Statutory Authority: SC Order dated May 6, 2020 A bench of Justices AM Khanwilkar and Dinesh Maheshwari observed that a High Court cannot disregard the statutory limitation period to entertain writ petition, assailing orders passed by statutory authorities, which were not appealed against before the expiry of the maximum limitation period. The Court held, “the powers of the High Court under Article 226 of the Constitution are wide, but certainly not wider than the plenary powers bestowed on this Court under Article 142 of the Constitution. Article 142 is a conglomeration and repository of the entire judicial powers under the Constitution, to do complete justice to the parties”. [Case: Assistant Commissioner (CT) LTU, Kakinada v. M/s. Glaxo Smith KlineConsumer Health Care Limited] 7. [Public Service Recruitment] Judicial Review Should Be Rarely Exercised If Provision For Revaluation Of Answer Sheets Is Absent: SC Order dated May 6, 2020 The Supreme Court reiterated that that the scope of judicial review under Article 226 in matters concerning evaluation of candidates-particularly, for purpose of recruitment to public services is narrow. The bench comprising of Justices Rohinton Fali Nariman and S. Ravindra Bhat discouraged the High Court for setting aside the results of the main examination conducted by Bihar Staff Selection Commission to vacancies in Class III posts in various departments of the Government of Bihar and directing re-evaluation, especially in the absence of a provision permitting the same. “We are of the opinion that the unilateral exercise of re-valuation undertaken by the High Court has not solved, but rather contributed to the chaos. No rule or regulation was shown by any party during the hearing, which justified the approach that was adopted,” it said. [Case: Bihar Staff Selection Commission v. Arun Kumar] 8. Babri Demolition Case : SC Extends Deadline For CBI Court To Deliver Judgment Till August 31, 2020 Order dated May 8, 2020 Supreme Court extended the deadline for Special CBI Court, Lucknow to deliver judgment till August 31, 2020 criminal case pertianing to the the demolition of Babri Masjid. On July 19, 2019, the same bench of Justices RF Nariman and Surya Kant had directed the Trial Court to complete the recording of evidence within six months and deliver judgment within nine months. The Court had also directed the UP Government to issue administrative orders to extend the tenure of the Special Judge of CBI Court, Lucknow, who is holding the trial, till the delivery of judgment. On May 6, the trial judge, Sri Yadav, wrote to the SC seeking extension of time stating that even recording of evidence has not been completed. [Case: State through CBI v. Kalyan Singh] 9. States Can Consider Home Delivery Of Liquor/Indirect Sale To Facilitate Social Distancing: SC Order dated May 8, 2020 The Supreme Court observed that the State can consider selling liquor via Home Delivery and/or inculcate indirect sales during the Coronavirus induced lockdown. A bench of Justices Ashok Bhushan, Sanjay Kishan Kaul and BR Gavai made this remark while hearing a petition challenging the opening of liquor shops by various State Governments. The bench observed that passing orders on the plea under Article 32 was not feasible and added that States must effectuate social distancing while selling liquor by considering the other viable options. [Case: Guruswamy Nataraj v. Union of India] 10. Sabarimala Reference: SC Gives Reasons For Holding That Questions Of Law Can Be Referred To Larger Bench In Review Order dated May 11, 2020 The Supreme Court passed an order detailing reasons for reference of questions of law, to a larger bench in a review petition. The 9-judge bench headed by Chief Justice SA Bobde had dismissed objections regarding the maintainability of reference in Sabarimala Review Petitions on February 10. On that occasion, the bench had stated that it will give reasons for the conclusion later. It has now given out the following reasons: Limitations in Order XLVII of the Supreme Court Rules are not applicable to Orders/Judgments in Writ Petitions;Reference can be made in a pending Review Petition;No matter is beyond Jurisdiction of Superior Court of Record;Article 142 justifies the Reference;Not necessary to refer to facts to decide pure questions of law;Article 145(3) Proviso that reference to a larger bench can be made only in Appeals and not in any other proceedings is not applicable to references made by a bench of five or more Judges. [Case: Kantararu Rajeevaru v. Indian Young Lawyers Association] 11. ‘Usually Court Not Required To Examine Merits Of Interpretation Provided In Award By Arbitrator, If Such Interpretation Was Reasonably Possible’: SC Order dated May 11, 2020 While setting aside an arbitral award, the Supreme Court held that courts may not examine the merits of interpretation provided in the award by the arbitrator, unless they were of the view that such an interpretation was reasonably not possible. A bench of Justices NV Ramana, MM Shantanagoudar & Ajay Rastogi acknowledged the settled position under Section 34 of the Arbitration & Conciliation Act according to which a Court can set aside an Award only on the grounds at provided in the Act, adding that the Court cannot interfere in the plausible view taken by the Arbitrator, which is supported with reasoning. [Case: South East Asia Marine Engineering & Constructions Ltd. v. Oil India Ltd.] 12. SC Refuses To Pass Orders For 4G Restoration In J&K; Asks Special Committee To Examine Issues Raised By Petitioners Order dated May 11, 2020 The Supreme Court refused directed Constitution of Special Committee comprising secretaries of Union Ministries of Home Affairs and Chief Secretary of J&K to examine contentions raised in pleas seeking restoration of 4G internet in J&K. A bench of Justices NV Ramana, R. Subhash Reddy & B.R. Gavai observed that even though the Court recognized that the Union Territory had plunged into a crisis, and the court was cognizant to the concerns related to ongoing pandemic and hardships, there was a need to ensure that national security and human rights are balanced. [Case: Foundation for Media Professionals v. Union of India] Also Read: Better Internet Desirable During Pandemic Lockdown; But Can’t Ignore Terrorism Concerns : SC In J&K Pleas For 4G 13. SC To Monitor Beautification Of 18th Century Garden ‘Sisodia Rani Ka Bagh’; Sets Aside NGT Ban On Social Functions There Order dated May 11, 2020 While setting aside the blanket ban imposed by the National Green Tribunal on organising social functions like marriages and other events in ‘Sisodia Rani Ki Bagh’, an 18th-century historical site near Jaipur, Rajasthan, the Supreme Court bench of Justices Arun Mishra and S Ravindra Bhat held that the monument may be used for multi-purpose activities between 8 AM and 8 PM. The Court also said that it shall monitor the beautification and developmental works of the site. [Case: The Director, Dept. of Archeology & Museums, Jaipur & Anr v. Ashish Gautam & Ors.] 14. Secondary Evidence Can Be Permitted To Be Produced If The Party Establishes Factual Foundation For The Same: SC Order dated May 13, 2020 The Supreme Court held that a court can permit a party to produce secondary evidence if a factual foundation for producing it is established. A bench comprising Justices Navin Sinha & Krishna Murari observed that merely an admission in evidence and making exhibit of a document, does not prove it automatically unless the same has been proved in accordance with the law. [Case: Jagmail Singh & Anr. v. Karamjit Singh & Ors.] 15. India’s Freedom Will Rest Safe As Long As Journalists Can Speak To Power Without Being Chilled By A Threat Of Reprisal: SC Order dated May 19, 2020 In a writ petition seeking quashing of FIRs filed by Republic TV Editor-in-Chief Arnab Goswami, the Supreme Court observed that to allow a journalist to be subjected to multiple complaints and to the pursuit of remedies traversing multiple states and jurisdictions when faced with successive FIRs and complaints bearing the same foundation, has a stifling effect on the exercise of his freedom. A bench of Justices DY Chandrachud and MR Shah further reiterated that decisions have held that the right of a journalist under Article 19(1)(a) is no higher than the right of the citizen to speak and express, but the society must never forget that one cannot exist without the other and free citizens cannot exist when the news media is chained to adhere to one position. The court therefore refused Goswami’s prayer to quash the FIR. It also declined to transfer the probe to CBI and said that the accused person does not have a choice in regard to the mode or manner in which the investigation should be carried out or in regard to the investigating agency. The dictum in the 2018 Bhima Koregaon case (Romila Thapar vs Union of India) was cited in this regard. [Case: Arnab Ranjan Goswami v. Union of India & Ors.] Also Read: SC Rejects Arnab Goswami’s Plea To Quash FIR By Maharashtra Police And Transfer Probe To CBI Also Read: Displeasure Of Accused About The Manner In Which Investigation Proceeds Not A Ground To Transfer Investigation To CBI: SC 16. To Constitute Civil Contempt, It Must Be Established That Disobedience Is Wilful, Deliberate And With Full Knowledge Of Consequences : SC Order dated May 19, 2020 The Supreme Court declined to initiate civil contempt proceedings against the Food Corporation of India, observing that the alleged disobedience was neither wilful nor deliberate. A bench of Justices A M Khanwilkar and Dinesh Maheshwari reiterated the precedent in Ram Kishan vs. Tarun Bajaj & Ors (2014) 16 SCC 204 according to which the “wilful” disobedience of a contemnor has to be established. Court observed that “It is well­-settled principle of law that if two interpretations are possible, and if the action is not contumacious, a contempt proceeding would not be maintainable”. [Case: The Workmen through the Convenor FCI Labour Federation v. Ravuthar Dawood Naseem] 17. Unfair Disposition Or Unjust Exclusion Of Legal Heirs In A Will Can Be Regarded As A Suspicious Circumstance: SC Order dated May 19, 2020 The Supreme Court observed that an unfair disposition of property or an unjust exclusion of the legal heirs, particularly the dependants, is regarded as a suspicious circumstance. A bench of Justices AM Khanwilkar and Dinesh Maheshwari observed that the circumstances extrapolating “suspicious circumstances” taken into account by the Trial Court and the High Court, by itself and standing alone, cannot operate against the validity of the propounded Will. On the other hand, quality and nature of each of these factors and the cumulative effect and impact of all of them upon making of the Will with free agency of the testatrix would be relevant for consideration. [Case: Kavita Kanwar v. Pamela Mehta & Ors.] 18. ‘Patent Illegality’ A Ground Available To Set Aside Domestic Arbitral Awards Made After 2015 Amendment : SC Order dated May 22, 2020 The Supreme Court observed that an arbitral award can be set aside under Section 34 of the Arbitration and Conciliation Act if it is patently illegal or perverse. A bench comprising Justices R. Banumathi, Indu Malhotra and Aniruddha Bose observed that ground of patent illegality is a ground available under the statute for setting aside a domestic award made after the 2015 amendment to the Arbitration and Conciliation Act. While confirming the High Court view, the Apex Court dealt with the history of ‘Patent illegality’ ground. It observed that such a ground for setting aside a domestic award was first expounded in the judgment of Saw Pipes Ltd. Later the ground of “patent illegality” for setting aside a domestic award has been given statutory force in Section 34(2A) of the 1996 Act, it noted [Case: Patel Engineering Ltd. v. North Easter Electric Power Corporation Ltd.(NEEPCO)] 19. Retirement Of One Partner Amounts To Dissolution Of Partnership Firm Consisting Of Only Two Partners: SC Order dated May 26, 2020 The Supreme Court held that when there are only two partners and one has agreed to retire, then the retirement amounts to dissolution of the firm. A bench of Justices NV Ramana, Sanjiv Khanna and Krishna Murari also discussed the distinction between ‘retirement of a partner’ and ‘dissolution of a partnership firm’ emphasisin that when there are only two partners and one has agreed to retire, then the retirement amounts to dissolution of the firm [Ref. Erach F.D. Mehta v. Minoo F.D. Mehta] [Case: Guru Nanak Industries, Faridabad v. Amar Singh (Dead) Thr. LR’s] 20. [Section 157 CrPC] Mere Delay In Forwarding FIR To Magistrate By Itself Is Not A Ground To Acquit The Accused: SC Order dated May 26, 2020 The Supreme Court reiterated that the delay in sending the FIR to the Magistrate in compliance of Section 157 of the Code of Criminal Procedure cannot, in itself, be a ground to acquit the accused. A bench of Justices NV Ramana, Mohan M. Shanthanagoudar and Sanjiv Khanna noted the judgment Jafel Biswas v. State of West Bengal wherein the effect of delay in compliance of Section 157 of the Code and its legal impact on the trial was examined. In the said decision, it was held that mere delay in sending the report itself cannot lead to a conclusion that the trial is vitiated or the accused is entitled to be acquitted on this ground. [Case: Ombir Singh v. State of UP] 21. Employee Can Be Dismissed In Disciplinary Inquiry Completed After Retirement If Rules Permit It: SC Holds By 2:1 Majority Order dated May 27, 2020 The Supreme Court [2:1] has observed that disciplinary enquiry against an employee can continue even after the retirement of the employee and major punishment like dismissal or removal can be imposed, if the relevant Service Rules permit it. Overruling the decision in Jaswant Singh Gill v. Bharat Coking Coal Ltd., (2007) 1 SCC 663, the majority of the bench Justices Arun Mishra and MR Shah, referred to a three judge bench decision in State Bank of India v. Ram Lal Bhaskar, (2011) 10 SCC 249, and said, “Several service benefits would depend upon the outcome of the inquiry, such as concerning the period during which inquiry remained pending. It would be against the public policy to permit an employee to go scot­ free after collecting various service benefits to which he would not be entitled, and the event of superannuation cannot come to his rescue and would amount to condonation of guilt.” Justice Ajay Rastogi dissented. [Case: Chairman-cum-MD Mahanadi Coalfield Ltd. v. Rabindranath Choubey] 22. SC Delivers Split Verdict On Time Of Retirement When Person Joined Service As A Minor Order dated May 28, 2020 A Bench comprising of Justices Indira Banerjee and Ajay Rastogi arrived at a split decision in a matter regarding whether the age of an individual or the number of years served on the job would determine the basis of retirement in cases where the person was employed before attainment of majority (in reference to Rule 73 of the Bihar Service Code). As per Justice Banerjee, any decision to amend the age of retirement could only have been done with the amendment of Rule 73 of the Bihar Service Code in accordance with law. Furthermore, this could not be done merely by a resolution of the Bihar School Examination Board. Justice Ajay Rastogi, per contra, observed that only the person who attains the age of majority will be competent to enter into a valid contract of service. Therefore, the Appellant could not have entered into service below the age of attaining majority, if there was no express provision of minimum age at the entry level under the Bihar Service. Due to the difference in opinions of the two judges, Justice Banerjee directed for the matter to be placed before the Chief Justice of India for reference to a larger Bench. Justice Rastogi directed for the dismissal of the Appeal. [Case: Gopal Prasad v. Bihar School Examination Baord & Ors.] 23. No Law That The Person Accompanying Principal Culprit Shares His Intention In Respect Of Every Act Which The Latter Might Eventually Commit: SC Order dated May 29, 2020 The Supreme Court has observed that there is no law that a person accompanying the principal culprit shares his intention in respect of every act the latter might eventually commit. The bench of Justices Sanjay Kishan Kaul and KM Joseph made this observation while allowing an appeal filed by a theft and murder accused. Referring to Section 34 IPC, the bench observed that the principle which underlies criminal liability for the acts of another therein, is the shared intention or the common intention to commit an offence. [Case: Sonu @ Sunil V. State of Madhya Pradesh] Also Read: [Theft And Murder] Not Safe To Draw An Inference That The Person In Possession Of Stolen Property Was The Murderer: SCSupreme Court Monthly Digest : April 2020Supreme Court Monthly Digest : March 2020Supreme Court Monthly Digest : February 2020Supreme Court Monthly Digest  : January 2020  Subscribe to LiveLaw, enjoy Ad free version and other unlimited features, just INR 599 Click here to Subscribe. All payment options available.loading….Next Storylast_img read more