Tag: 上海花千坊

Online chocolate masterclass available to bakers

first_imgCraft bakers are being urged to register for a live and interactive online chocolate masterclass.The session is being hosted by British Baker’s sister website www.bighospitality.co.uk and will be hosted by Alan Murchison, the Michelin-starred chef,  and the demonstration will be carried out by award-winning patissier Will Torrent.The live webinar, which includes a 45-minute presentation and a 15-minute Q&A session, is on behalf of Barry Callebaut, the leading global manufacturer of chocolate and cocoa products, and a sponsor of British Baker’s National Cupcake Week.Torrent will be using Barry Callebaut products to demonstrate exciting and innovative desserts, plus all those who register for the event online will also be entered into a draw to attend the event in person.To register visit https://presentations.inxpo.com/Shows/WRBM/03-23-12/registration.html.last_img read more

Governor Wolf Vetoes Anti-Choice Bill that Severely Limits Women’s Health Care Options

first_img December 18, 2017 Governor Wolf Vetoes Anti-Choice Bill that Severely Limits Women’s Health Care Options SHARE Email Facebook Twittercenter_img Healthcare,  Press Release,  Public Health,  Women’s Rights Philadelphia, PA – Today, Governor Tom Wolf vetoed Senate Bill 3, the anti-choice legislation that would severely limit women’s reproductive rights and health care options. He was joined by Philadelphia Mayor Jim Kenney, legislators, local elected officials, and women’s reproductive rights advocates for the event in the Mayor’s Reception Room.“This legislation is a disingenuous and bald-faced attempt to create the most extreme anti-choice legislation in the country,” Governor Wolf said. “This legislation is an attempt to criminalize the decisions that women make about their own health care, and this legislation destroys health care options for victims of the horrors of rape and incest. For these reasons, I am vetoing this bill today.”The legislation, which passed the House by a 121-70 vote, would ban abortions after twenty weeks except in the rarest of circumstances, leaving no exceptions for rape, incest, health, or tragic fetal anomalies. The bill would also ban one of the safest methods of second trimester abortions, putting women at risk and taking crucial decisions about their medical care out of the hands of their trusted medical providers.“I fully support the Governor’s decision to veto this bill,” Mayor Kenney said. “The state should not be telling women—particularly women who became pregnant by rape or incest—that they don’t have the right to decide what to do with their body. These women are victims and they should not be victimized again by this law.”“The careful thoughtfulness that we hoped would guide our legislators was absent,” said Deborah Minkoff, Commissioner, the Pennsylvania Commission for Women. “SB 3 has no exception for rape. The legislature is forcing a girl or woman to continue a pregnancy that resulted from a criminal act. Despite our expectation of thoughtful decision-making, the absence of a rape exception is thoughtless and heartless.”“New Voices is committed to the health and well-being of women across Pennsylvania,” said La’Tasha D. Mayes, Executive Director, New Voices for Reproductive Justice. “We are most concerned about the disproportionate impact of such a law on the health and well-being of Black women and women of color. We stand in solidarity with Governor Wolf in his courageous veto of Senate Bill 3 – a dangerous bill that undermines the Human Right of women to control our bodies and our reproduction.”“Thanks to Governor Wolf, women like me will maintain both our freedom to believe what the science tells us about our unborn children and the self-determination to make our own decisions about our bodies,” Dr. Erica Goldblatt Hyatt said.last_img read more

Demand for Townsville listings on the rise

first_img3d render image of houses with graph growingDEMAND for Townsville listings have increased by 10 per cent according to new figures released by realestate.com.au.Realestate.com.au’s Property Outlook report released this morning reveals that in the last three months property views on Townsville listing have jumped to 578 per listing, an increase of in demand of 10.9 per cent when compared to the same period last year.RELATED: Extremes of Australia’s property market growth and decline revealed More from news01:21Buyer demand explodes in Townsville’s 2019 flood-affected suburbs12 Sep 202001:21‘Giant surge’ in new home sales lifts Townsville property market10 Sep 2020Realestate.com.au chief economist Nerida Conisbee said job growth and investor interest could be behind the increased demand for Townsville listings.“It’s often driven in regional area by job growth and when we see job growth we see an increase for rental demand and then buyer demand,” she said.“Potentially there is also some investment demand as well because after the downturn we have seen in regional areas after the end of the mining boom, that is now starting to turn around.“Prices in Townsville have been pretty slack but now that demand is picking up and some suburbs are starting to do really well.”Ms Conisbee said it was expected that demand for Townsville property would continue to increase.last_img read more

Jusuf Nurkić Among The Best Three Basketball Players Outside USA

first_imgB&H representative Jusuf Nurkić was brilliant this season playing for the Zagreb team Cedevita. He attracted the attention of several NBA teams.Cedevita was defeated at last night’s match against Partizan in Belgrade, with the result (77:68) and the B&H representative scored 15 points, three rebounds, and two assists.For already a few months the American media has been writing about the basketball star from B&H. Yahoo today ranked him in third place of talents outside of the USA.Dante Exum from Australia is in first place, followed by Dario Šarić from Croatia in second place and B&H representative Jusuf Nurkić in third place.Video: http://youtu.be/9CTum4evBMY(Source: Klix.ba)last_img read more

Harbhajan Singh reveals exactly how Greg Chappell destroyed the Indian team

first_imgImage Courtesy: Reuters/HT PhotoAdvertisement iykdNBA Finals | Brooklyn VsqvudWingsuit rodeo📽Sindre E3t( IG: @_aubreyfisher @imraino ) 6hi1Would you ever consider trying this?😱d02Can your students do this? 🌚rcbqRoller skating! Powered by Firework In the history of head coaches of the Indian cricket team, the one name that has been associated with the most disputes and detested by the country’s cricket fandom is Greg Chappell. In just two years of his stint with Team India, the controversial figure earned much detest following his spat with former captain Sourav Ganguly, and a number of players who were dissatisfied with the former Aussie cricketer’s management. Such one name is Harbhajan Singh, as the iconic spinner recently opened up on how Chappell did the damage to the squad.Advertisement Image Courtesy: Reuters/HT PhotoFollowing the departure of New Zealand hall of fame John Wright, Greg Chappell joined as India’s head coach in 2005. In addition to his falling out with Ganguly, Chappell also earned slack for India’s poor performance at the 2007 Cricket World Cup, the same tournament that Harbhajan Singh dubs as ‘the lowest point’ of his career.In a recent chat in his former teammate Aakash Chopra’s official YouTube channel, Harbhajan opened up on the former Men in Blue gaffer, accusing him of damaging the squad during his tenure.Advertisement “When Greg Chappell came as the coach of our side, he disrupted the entire team, no one knows what was his motive when he came to coach us, no one knows how to disrupt a solid team better than him, he used to do whatever he wanted,” Bhajji said in the video.India were eliminated in the first round of the 2007 World Cup, followed by Chappell’s rift with Ganguly, which made him a detesting figure in the Indian sports media and the cricket fans. In addition to Harbhajan himself, senior faces of the team such as Virender Sehwag, Zaheer Khan spoke against Chappell and his coaching method.Advertisement “2007 50-over World Cup has to be the lowest point of my career, I thought we are going through such a difficult time and I also thought that maybe it is not right time to play for India, wrong people were at the helm of Indian cricket, Greg Chappell was trying to divide and lead, he used to do such things,” the 39 year old added.If you like reading about MMA, make sure you check out MMAIndia.com Also follow India’s biggest arm wrestling tournament at ProPanja.comAlso read-Cricketers and Indian athletes mourn the passing of Sushant Singh RajputWatch: Christian Eriksen scores screamer directly from a corner in Coppa Italia semis Advertisementlast_img read more

Is the BCCI sidestepping women’s cricket?

first_imgAdvertisement bmNBA Finals | Brooklyn Vs6a0Wingsuit rodeo📽Sindre E9yiol9( IG: @_aubreyfisher @imraino ) g0iWould you ever consider trying this?😱az4Can your students do this? 🌚2n70Roller skating! Powered by Firework In the summer of 2017 in England, the Indian women’s cricket team reached the World Cup final and fell short by just nine runs from being World Champions.Advertisement Three years later, in Australia, the eves showed glimpses of their huge potential again – yet another final berth, yet another title went away by a whisker!Gone are the days, when women’s cricket was considered futile with little to show for. Just like the Men’s team, the Indian women’s team have shown great promise and have gone from strength to strength over the past couple of years.Advertisement Last week, IPL chairman Brijesh Patel confirmed that the IPL 2020 will take place in the deserts of the UAE, thus putting women’s cricket on the back-burner. There will be no IPL exhibition matches for women this year as it clearly does not interest the BCCI. In addition, the BCCI has pulled the eves out of the tour of England citing logistical challenges and travel restrictions.So women’s cricket is not worth going the extra mile while the men cricketers will get a red-carpet treatment in the UAE. Can we sense some double-standards here?!Advertisement Indian women’s team during the women’s Twenty20 World Cup cricket tournament in Australia.The brighter sideThe steady growth of women’s cricket in India can be attributed to the strong cricket infrastructure in India. The past decade has seen cricket become more professional, better organised as financially viable for women cricketers.The mushrooming of cricket academies across the country has given more opportunities for budding cricketers to undergo proper training. This has resulted in a surge of talented cricketers emerging and a pool of women cricketers all over the country.However, talent turns into potential only with the exposure, and the BCCI must ensure that women’s cricket gets its due with a properly chalked up calendar for them. The women cricketers can’t just sit idle while men enjoy the riches of the IPL.Given the fact that Indian women haven’t played any cricket since the T20 World Cup in March, and may not do so until next year, the WBBL could be their only realistic chance of playing competitive cricket till March 2021.Players speakAs legendary player Mithali Raj put it a fortnight ago, Indian women’s cricket seems to be heading in the wrong direction. “Unfortunately, women’s cricket may have been set back by a couple of years by this pandemic as some of the momentum that had been built between India’s success in World Cup 2017 and World T20 2020 has been lost,” she had said.Meanwhile, Shantha Rangaswamy, the BCCI Apex council member has tried to play down the notion that women’s cricket receives inferior treatment from the BCCI.Rangaswmay suggested that the BCCI’s commitment towards women’s cricket should not be questioned. Women’s cricket right now stands at a crosspoint with no selection panel in place and uncertainty over the future matches, given the fact that 50 over World Cup is not far off.“The post-COVID-19 scenario will be a testimony to their commitment to women’s cricket. People doubting BCCI’s intentions will have to wait for things to be normal before passing their judgement. The situation was not in their control on this occasion,” the 66-year old Rangaswamy commented.Former India skipper Anjum Chopra too is of the opinion that women’s cricket deserves more exposure and a bio-secure training facility would do a world of good for the confidence of the current crop.“The squad could have gotten together at a venue like Dharamsala or Ahmedabad and started training in isolation. Most international teams are back in training barring India,” Chopra explained.The futureThe next ODI Women’s World Cup, if everything goes according to plan will be held in New Zealand in February 2021. And given the significance of the quadrennial event, the BCCI needs to have specific training and preparation plan for the eves. The Indian women have qualified directly for the tournament and would hope to go one better and clinch their first-ever World Cup.In New Zealand, where wickets are hard and true, finger spinner can be meat and drink and the Indian setup, which women’s team coach WV Raman will be mindful of. Since Raman took over as the head coach, the team has made remarkable progress. Raman had a tricky task of setting the house in order without having to ruffle any feathers, but he has brought about a change in the mentality in the team and transformed the team in a winning unit.All he needs is some supporting hand from the BCCI which in turn might work wonders for women’s game in India. We can talk over Virat Kohli’s cover drives or Rohit Sharma’s sparkling tons from dawn to dusk but do we really care to think about women’s cricket with the same zeal?It’s about time things change within the BCCI, and women’s cricket is given the respect and the attention it deserves!ALSO READ:Virat Kohli reveals how he prepares for bowlers in international cricket Advertisementlast_img read more

Old Gravestones To Be Repaired

first_imgBy Rick Geffken |SHREWSBURY – If you’re whistling past Shrewsbury’s Christ Church graveyard next year, it won’t be out of superstitious fear. You’ll probably be reacting to the restoration of 75 historic grave markers in the 300-year old burial ground. Thanks to a recently awarded $117,000 preservation grant from the New Jersey Historic Trust, the Sycamore Avenue and Broad Street final resting place of about 1,500 souls will look, well, old, but better.A weather and time-worn sandstone grave marker in the Christ Church Cemetery in Shrewsbury.Graveyard Commission chairman and parish historian Robert M. Kelly Jr. said the grant enables the parish to continue the important restoration work begun under a previous grant related to Super Storm Sandy. It will also supplement work first started in 2015 under a Department of the Interior grant for storm repair and resiliency efforts. The former project included photographs of every grave marker from multiple angles. The condition of each stone was described and notated – a historical record in itself and a beginning point for future restorations.Fourteen grave markers in critical condition, mostly 18th century brown sandstones, were expertly restored two years ago by Jablonski Building Conservators, under the supervision of Lorraine Schnabel LLC., an architectural conservation firm specializing in historic masonry.  Schnabel’s company also submitted a complete condition assessment, detailed specifications which will guide restoration work funded by the new grant.Kelly is pleased by the results to date. “Grave marker repair can be a complex process depending upon the composition of the marker,” he said. “Is it made from granite, marble, sandstone or slate? And the condition of the stone: Is it broken, delaminated, leaning, etc.? Multiple steps also involve chemicals and adhesives. Considerable training and experience is required.”The Christ Church burial ground has been in use continually since its inception, forming a historical record of the evolution of the area. Eight hundred eighty individual markers have been recorded and mapped, with the likelihood that more are just below the surface and out of sight.Kelly became highly involved with the Christ Church Cemetery some years ago when he and Trevor Kirkpatrick undertook an immense project to identify all the folks interred there. Kirkpatrick plotted and photographed each individual gravesite, then created a searchable genealogical database invaluable to researchers. New and overlooked information about Shrewsbury history, religious and secular, was discovered.Kelly’s foresight is now rewarded. “The funding demonstrates the recognition by the New Jersey Historic Trust of the value of grave markers in understanding our history,” he says. “Further, the grant includes funding for a grave marker cleaning workshop for the public and a self-guided tour that makes the history more accessible and vibrant for the community.”Richard Veit, chair of the department of history and anthropology at Monmouth University and a leading expert in New Jersey graveyards, will develop the curriculum for the self-guided tour of the cemetery.This article was first published in the Oct. 12-19, 2017 print edition of The Two River Times.last_img read more

Sean the man

first_imgLATEST STORIES View comments Gov’t to employ 6,000 displaced by Taal MOST READ PH rowers: Let us join SEAG, we’ll mine golds Lights inside SMX hall flicker as Duterte rants vs Ayala, Pangilinan anew Lights inside SMX hall flicker as Duterte rants vs Ayala, Pangilinan anew De Liano, meanwhile, finished with 21 points to lead the Maroons, making five of 13 attempts from beyond the arc, as he engineered a third-quarter uprising by UP, which pushed the Falcons behind, 47-57.But Jonathan Espeleta, Jerrick Ahanmisi and Manganti crafted a 22-11 fourth quarter to keep the Falcons on top at 4-0.“We’re not too deep of a team to veer away from our system,” said Pumaren on his team’s poor start in the second half. “We cannot think that other teams will just roll over against us. We were selfish, but I appreciate the players for really pushing themselves and keeping their composure.”Sports Related Videospowered by AdSparcRead Next Adamson was supposed to be toast: Bright Akhuetie had a 20-20, Juan Gomez de Liano was having one of his torrid shooting nights, University of the Philippines had a one-point lead in the final five seconds and the Falcons’ last chance almost ended up in a turnover off a muffed pass.ADVERTISEMENT Allen Durham still determined to help Meralco win 1st PBA title Nadine Lustre’s phone stolen in Brazil Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. Japeth Aguilar embraces role, gets rewarded with Finals MVP plum Carpio hits red carpet treatment for China Coast Guard PLAY LIST 02:14Carpio hits red carpet treatment for China Coast Guard02:56NCRPO pledges to donate P3.5 million to victims of Taal eruption00:56Heavy rain brings some relief in Australia02:37Calm moments allow Taal folks some respite03:23Negosyo sa Tagaytay City, bagsak sa pag-aalboroto ng Bulkang Taal01:13Christian Standhardinger wins PBA Best Player award Will you be the first P16 Billion Powerball jackpot winner from the Philippines? But in the scramble for possession, Sean Manganti recovered the loose ball after nearly throwing it away on an errant, ill-advised feed, and was pretty sure he hadn’t heard the buzzer just yet.“I was taught to never quit until you hear the buzzer so I just kept going until… the buzzer,” Manganti, Adamson’s senior skipper, said.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSGinebra beats Meralco again to capture PBA Governors’ Cup titleSPORTSJapeth Aguilar wins 1st PBA Finals MVP award for GinebraSPORTSGolden State Warriors sign Lee to multiyear contract, bring back ChrissManganti lofted an attempt that swished the net with seven-tenths of a second remaining and when the buzzer finally sounded, Adamson was the owner of a 69-68 victory over UP and the UAAP men’s basketball tournament’s only unbeaten record Wednesday.Manganti finished with 18 points, hitting six of 11 attempts  just five days after going scoreless and missing all his seven attempts from the field in a victory over University of Santo Tomas. Tim Cone, Ginebra set their sights on elusive All-Filipino crown “We just wanted to attack,” said Falcons coach Franz Pumaren on his final play. “Sean was being too generous when he tried to pass to Papi (Sarr), but that’s a shot he practices all the time.”Banking on a balanced offensive performance, defending champion Ateneo stayed in the coattails of Adamson after an 89-62 rout of UE in the first game.Raffy Verano fired 12 points, before limping out of the game in the third period due to an ankle injury, while William Navarro had 11 points for the Eagles, who improved to 3-1.No player saw action for more than 23 minutes for the Eagles as coach Tab Baldwin utilized all of his players to fend off every uprising by the Warriors now coached by one of his former assistants, Joe Silva.Akhuetie came up with a performance that finally showed why he is this season’s player to watch. The transferee from Perpetual help had 20 points and 20 rebounds and rescued an air-balled trey for a put-pack that gave UP a one-point lead in the final 5.7 seconds remaining.ADVERTISEMENT Gretchen Barretto’s daughter Dominique graduates magna cum laude from California collegelast_img read more

Portugal outplay disappointing Bafana

first_imgSeemingly stunned, South Africa remained on the back foot as Portugal made all the early play, forcing one corner after another. Carlos Quieroz was fired as coach of Bafana Bafana in 2002, so he must have felt a quiet satisfaction when the team he now coaches beat South Africa 2-0 in Lausanne on Tuesday evening. Second goalIt wasn’t a surprise, therefore, when the Portuguese doubled their lead just before the hour-mark. Once more the goal came from a corner. Maybe that is what Bafana Bafana need when they play the top teams – a harder edge that can knock such sides off their free-flowing games. In the Confederations Cup, South Africa will face Spain, the European champions and runaway leaders at the top of the Fifa World Rankings. The Spanish are loaded with difference-makers from goalkeeper to striker and a less-than-fully-committed approach from Bafana Bafana could be severely punished. Early goalTheir introduction into the game hadn’t even been considered when the Portuguese took an early lead from a soft goal. South African goalkeeper Itumeleng Khune misjudged a corner kick and Bruno Alves made Bafana Bafana pay by heading home after only four minutes. Although he was generally well marshalled by the Portuguese defence, he managed a strong early shot to test the goalkeeper and another that passed just wide of the mark. Whatever South Africa’s shortcomings were, Portugal took advantage of them, and clearly showed the difference between a team ranked tenth in the world and one ranked 72nd. Chelsea midfielder Deco was again the provider for AEK Athens striker Edinho, who met the ball with his left foot at the far post to score and expose South Africa’s fragility at set-pieces for the second time in the contest; nobody had picked him up. With his team two goals down and playing second fiddle, Santana rang the changes for a different reason. He was hoping to salvage something from the game. Portugal offered nothing and ran out comfortable 2-0 winners. It was 1-0 to Portugal at the break, but they had been much the better team, dictating play throughout the opening stanza. Bafana had beaten Norway 1-0 in Rustenburg on Saturday, but that was only the side’s sixth win in 27 matches against European opposition. Afterwards, in the lead-up to the game against the Portuguese, coach Joel Santana and his players made all the right noises but, given SA’s less than stellar record against European teams, the chances of a second win in four days was remote, especially against the country ranked tenth in the Fifa World Rankings. Plenty of work neededWith the Confederations Cup fast approaching – it takes place from 14 to 28 June in South Africa – Santana still has plenty of work to do with Bafana Bafana. Not for the first time, the team seemed to freeze when confronted with a highly ranked team. With the game all but won after the second goal went in, Quieroz introduced three substitutes, including Ronaldo. 1 April 2009 In Lausanne, SA struggled to win 50/50 balls in midfield. It should be noted, however, that the side’s regular holding midfielder, Kagiso Dikgacoi, wasn’t in action, having also missed the Norway game on the weekend due to injury. SA coach Joel Santana had opted for a single striker, unlike his tactical approach against Norway when he used two strikers. That meant Red Star Belgrade marksman Bernard Parker was given the tough job of operating alone up front. Nonetheless, the defeat in Switzerland was disappointing as South Africa meekly surrendered to a Portugal team that started with star players Cristiano Ronaldo and Simao on the bench. Would you like to use this article in your publication or on your website? See: Using SAinfo materiallast_img read more

Gulf oil spill good for Africa

first_imgIn an effort to clean up oil from the massive Deepwater Horizon spill in the Gulf of Mexico, BP sets fire to the surface, burning up everything in the area. There have been reports that this has included oiled sea turtles. (Image: Kris Krüg, Flickr) MEDIA CONTACTS • Institute of Security Studies, Pretoria +27 12 346 9500/2 [email protected] RELATED ARTICLES • $90bn boost to Africa’s economy • New bridge to boost African trade • Ghana’s world first in legal timber • SA seeks investment in Uganda • African farmers land juicy dealJakkie CilliersTragic as it is, the oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico is good news for Africa – increasingly the new frontier for oil and gas exploration worldwide.Now estimated to be spewing up to 60 000 barrels of oil into the Gulf every day, the Deepwater Horizon spill is huge, but still relatively moderate compared to the leakage that has contaminated places like the Niger Delta and Ecuador’s Amazon.By early July the Deepwater Horizon oil rig explosion in the Gulf of Mexico cumulative oil spill reached a bit more than six times that of the 1989 Exxon Valdez (around 27 000 barrels). It is dwarfed, however, by the estimated equivalent of more than 50 Exxon Valdez spills into the Niger Delta by Shell, Chevron, and other companies over five decades – the equivalent of an Exxon Valdez spill every year for half a century.Time will tell what the impact of the Deepwater Horizon spill will have on BP, but it is not looking good. The third-largest oil company in the world, BP is set to pay a massive price for the apparent trade off between cost efficiency and safety as the collective fury of the US has turned on the company, with its share price plummeting and its reputation torn to shreds.Different to much of what is happening in the on-shore exploration by Shell in much of the Niger Delta, deep-water drilling is extraordinarily complex, risky and expensive. It is also set to expand as findings on land and in shallow waters run dry.BP, the most swashbuckling and entrepreneurial, has been at the forefront of deepwater drilling and oil extraction for a long time as it sought to extract oil deeper and in different rock formations to that of most others.In Nigeria the majority of oil leaks were from old pipes that corroded and were not maintained. More recently this has been due to the determined efforts by local communities, gangsters and criminals to tap oil or, by creating a spill, gaining some reward during the subsequent cleanup operation. In anticipation of the damage that could befall its stock market price and what remained of its reputation, Shell eventually decided to reduce its on-shore exposure in Nigeria earlier this year, although it did so also in anticipation of impending legislation in front of the federal legislature in Abuja.The demand for oil is rapidly using up the remaining global reserves as world addition to carbon fuels comes to a necessary end. It took the world 140 years to use its first trillion barrels of oil. It will use its second, and final, trillion, in less than 30 years. And the need will just go up and up as global energy demand skyrockets.Currently some 1.5-billion out of 7-billion people still live without electricity and with the increase in global wealth (particularly in China and India) set to continue, the demand for energy is almost endless. As many have indicated, the world has moved from an industrial to a knowledge era, and now into an energy era where the demand and availability of energy will determine global growth patterns.Some African countries are planning ahead. Morocco, the only North African country without oil, is investing several billion dollars in wind energy and will soon provide almost half its need from wind, with the remainder planned for nuclear. While substantial reserves of coal and gas remain, the dependence on a dwindling supply of oil makes competition for this scarce resource particularly voracious and countries need to act now.Although Africa is estimated to only have around 10% of the world’s proven oil reserves (Libya and Nigeria have the largest reserves) it will, by 2025, provide around 25% of North America’s oil and is also increasingly important for other countries. Already Angola is the single largest oil provider to China.Today new sources of oil are being located more frequently in Africa than anywhere else. Hardly a week goes by without a new discovery, often in pristine environmental areas such as Lake Victoria or within the Great Rift Valley. The Niger Delta falls into a similar category. Its mangrove swamps are considered to be one of the ten most important wetlands and marine ecosystems in the world, now also some of the most heavily polluted.As oil runs out elsewhere and stability continues to improve in Africa, exploration on the continent is lucrative business, with companies tripping over one another to obtain exploration rights.The reasons are not hard to fathom. Much of the oil in Africa is off the coast of countries such as Angola and others to the north in the Gulf of Guinea. Transport costs are reduced and no pipelines are required. Ships can load up and sail off, unhindered by instability or indeed the need to invest onshore. Sub-Saharan African oil is also viscous and has a very low sulfur content that requires less refining.Finally, Africa also offers a very favourable contractual environment. Without the capacity to effectively manage and oversee oil exploration and production, nor the ability to amass either the technical expertise or the billions in capital investment required to drill for oil themselves, most countries in sub-Saharan Africa operate on the basis of so-called production-sharing agreements that offer foreign oil companies tremendous down-stream profits. This is particularly advantageous as only four African countries, Algeria, Angola, Libya and Nigeria are members of the Organisation of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC), and therefore not subject to limits on output.Most important of all, virtually all the big discoveries of oil in recent years have been offshore, in deepwater reserves miles way from civil war, insurrection or strife. In fact, one-third of the world’s new oil discoveries since the year 2000 were in Africa.Writing in his 2007 book Untapped: the Scramble of Africa’s Oil (Orlando, Harcourt) John Ghazvinian notes that “African oil is cheaper, safer, and more accessible than its competitors”, and there seems to be more of it every day. And, though Africa may not be able to compete with the Persian Gulf at the level of proven reserves, it has just enough up its sleeve to make it a potential “swing” region – an oil province that can kick in just enough production to keep markets calm when supplies elsewhere in the world are unpredictable.’That the BP deepwater disaster happened within the waters of the global superpower allowed the collective venting of US spleen on an ostensible non-American company. American politicians, President Barack Obama included, could gang up on hapless CEO Tony Hayward as part of a useful domestic political scapegoating exercise, comfortably ignoring their own regulatory failures.The sad reality is that if the Deepwater Horizon happened say to Chevron off the coast of Angola, there would be no $20 bn compensation fund, little impact upon Chevron’s share price, no delay in paying out handsome dividends and certainly no legislative pressure from a hapless Angolan congress.All this has now changed. Exxon Mobil BP, Shell, Total or Chevron (the big five) will not be able to easily hide or obscure a massive spill when next it happens and the chances are best that a new spill will not be within US territorial waters, but perhaps in places such as the Mediterranean where BP will shortly start deepwater drilling in 1 700 metres of water.The well, in the Gulf of Sirte, is the first to be drilled under a $900-million deal BP signed with Libya in 2007, which it described at the time as its largest single exploration commitment. It is also in water substantially deeper than that below the Deepwater Horizon and since it is evident that oil safety technology has not kept pace with exploration technology at these depths, the risks self-evident. One can only hope that the development of improved safety awareness and hopefully, containment and emergency measures, will be spurred by events in the US.Certainly the Deepwater spill will help to focus attention on the need to act environmentally responsibly and to not push exploration boundaries beyond controllable safety limits. The damage that the oil spill will inflict on the sensitive habitat along the coast of Florida will raise consciousness in the largest global oil consumer about the need for responsible exploration as much along the US coast as in emerging African oil producers.For their part African governments need to enter into an alliance with the global green movement to monitor exploration practices, as well as with countries such as Norway that has both managed its oil income and its environment in an exemplary manner. This requires a new partnership for the energy age well beyond current practices.Jakkie Cilliers is the executive director of the Institute for Security Studies Head Office in Pretoria, South Africa. This article was originally published on the ISS website on 6 July 2010.last_img read more