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Warm April

first_imgThe combination of a cool March with a warm early April compressed Georgia’s pollen season, leading to higher-than-normal pollen counts across the state in April.For the most part, temperatures across the state were warmer than normal. Mostly warmer tempsIn Atlanta, the monthly average temperature was 65.2 degrees F (3.6 degrees above normal), in Athens 63.9 degrees (33 degrees above normal), Columbus 65.6 degrees (1.4 degrees above normal), Macon 65 degrees (2.3 degrees above normal), Savannah 67 degrees (1.7 degrees above normal), Brunswick 66.8 degrees (.3 degree above normal), Alma 65.9 degrees (.8 degree below normal), Valdosta 68.6 degrees (3.4 degrees above normal) and Augusta 64.3 degrees (1.9 degrees above normal). Athens set a record high temperature April 5, when the maximum temperature of 88 degrees broke the old record of 87 degrees set in 1988. Augusta set a record high of 91 degrees on April 6, breaking the old record of 90 degrees set in 1967.Mostly below-normal rainfallMost of the state received below-normal rainfall, except for a swath of rain in south-central Georgia and a wider band across the northern counties. The highest monthly total from National Weather Service reporting stations was 2.63 inches in Valdosta (.94 inch below normal). The lowest was in Brunswick at .89 inch (1.91 inches below normal). Atlanta received 2.56 inches (1.06 inches below normal), Macon 1.36 inches (1.78 inches below normal), Athens 1.86 inches (1.49 inches below normal), Augusta 1.20 inches (1.74 inches below normal), Columbus 1.61 inches (2.23 inches below normal), Savannah 1.40 inches (1.92 inches below normal) and Alma 2.74 inches (.42 inch below normal). Record daily rainfalls were set at Columbus with a daily rainfall of 1.04 inches April 25 and Alma with a daily rainfall of 1.36 inches April 20. Rabun Gap records most rainfallThe highest single-day rainfall from Community Collaborative Rain, Hail and Snow Network stations was 5.13 inches in Rabun Gap in far northeast Georgia April 25. This station also had the highest monthly total of 6.70 inches. Stations near McKaysville and Dillard received 6.58 inches and 6.21 inches, respectively, during the month.Two tornadoes were reported. A small tornado hit 2 miles north of Bostwick in Morgan County April 8, knocking down trees and the roof of a chicken house. Another small tornado hit 3 miles north of Cloudland in Chattooga County near the Alabama border April 24, causing tree damage. Severe weather, including high winds, hail of over 1 inch or tornadoes, was observed on five days in April.The drier conditions improved soil moisture levels through the month, although in some areas the dry conditions impeded planting and germination. Some irrigation of new corn was needed to counteract the dry conditions. Generally, the warm temperatures were favorable for planting, and crops were planted at a rapid pace across the state.last_img read more

Georgia’s Corn Crop

first_imgYields similar to previous years’ are expected for this year’s Georgia corn crop. Yields from irrigated acres are expected to be lower than normal, while yields from dryland acres are expected to be better than normal, according to University of Georgia Cooperative Extension agronomists.“Georgia has experienced a relatively rainy growing season with consistent cloud coverage this summer. A reduction in irradiation reaching the crop canopy is going to have a negative impact on yields in irrigated corn,” said Reagan Noland, UGA Extension’s new corn, soybean and small grains agronomist. “However, the greater-than-normal rainfall will benefit dryland corn yields.”Upon his arrival on the UGA Tifton campus on Aug. 1, Noland met with recently retired UGA Extension agronomist Dewey Lee to discuss this year’s corn crop.Corn growers preparing for the upcoming harvest season need to make decisions about their irrigation needs as well as harvest and post-harvest management, including when they will stop irrigating their crop, Noland said.“There is still corn that was planted late or, in northern parts of the state, corn that has not reached physiological maturity (black layer) yet,” Noland said. “Drought stress can reduce yields all the way up to corn maturity, so irrigation can still increase yields if soil water is limited.”Determining the optimum time to stop watering the crop helps growers maximize profit margins, he said.Tracking grain moisture as the corn dries in the field is important in planning the harvest, Noland said. If the corn is left in the field too long, it increases the risk of reduced grain quality and yield loss due to lodging or pests.“Post-harvest management may involve additional drying to ensure the grain is dry enough for storage and may require the use of pesticides in the bin to maintain grain quality,” he said.Noland also recommends that producers consider weed management once their corn is harvested. Growers want to avoid herbicide-resistant weeds that can establish and go to seed.“One strategy is to keep the field covered with a growing crop to suppress weeds. Depending on the timing of the corn harvest, this could be a late-planted soybean, a winter small grain or a cover crop,” he said.For more information on Georgia’s corn crop, go to t.uga.edu/3rF.last_img read more

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