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Why must America break the rules to enforce them?

first_imgAmerica has changed from the champion of international order to its antagonist. Bush has rejected the idea that a set of strong international institutions, built on a set of common agreements about values and the rule of law, is good for America and the world.  First came the unilateral abandonment of the Anti Ballistic Missile Treaty so that they could complete testing and then build the first stages of a ballistic missile shield.  There are many problems with this, aside from the fact that the technology doesn’t work. It is preposterously expensive; it does not protect against terrorist attack (the most likely kind); and it is strategically destabilizing. That is a quartet of problems that should have doomed it. But the core message America sent in ditching the treaty it is that their commitments are valid only so long as they are also convenient. The Russians have recently used the proposed first phase construction in Poland as the basis for saying they will not observe their commitments under the Conventional Forces in Europe Treaty.  What goes around comes around.The Administration then announced that they would not sign the treaty establishing the International Court of Criminal Justice.  The ostensible reason for this was to avoid “rogue prosecution” of American soldiers by those who might wish the US harm.  This is, on its face, preposterous.  The standards of the Court were specifically rewritten to respond to US concerns over precisely this issue. Once again, the message is that the US will accept no limits on its power.Then, in an almost offhanded way, the Administration simply rejected the Kyoto Treaty.  Among European countries this was, along with Iraq, the most shocking step.  Absolute and unilateral rejection was far outside the range of what informed observers thought would be the US response.Next the Bush Administration asserted that the Geneva Accords were not binding on US treatment of detainees – and this has only put coalition soldiers at greater risk.  Finally there is the National Security Strategy to Combat Weapons of Mass Destruction. This paper reasserts the right to preventative war, but a more dangerous element of that same paper was called to my attention by an article in Foreign Affairs by George Perkovich.   One weapon of mass destruction – nuclear – is fundamentally different from chemical and biological weapons, which are absolutely outlawed. The core treaty regulating nuclear weapons is the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty of 1968. And the core “deal” of that Treaty is that all state signatories agreed not to acquire nuclear weapons and the five nuclear states agreed, over time, to reduce and then eliminate their own nuclear arsenals. But now the Bush strategy calls for assuring US nuclear superiority indefinitely. In order to do this the US will necessarily abrogate its commitments under NPT, including the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty and the commitment to eventual elimination. In short, in the most dangerous area – nuclear – the Bush radicals have asserted the right to abrogate the Treaty that has worked so much to the benefit of the US. The inevitable consequence of this action will be violation by others, making the world a vastly more dangerous place.For those Americans who believe in a rule of law at home (including protection of civil liberties) there is real risk and real work ahead.  But it is in the international arena where the radicalism of this Administration poses a direct challenge to the world’s security. America will pay heavily – in security, in economic well-being, in their long-term leadership – if it allows this Administration to make the country a rogue state not bound by treaty and unconstrained by the decent opinion of mankind.Sam BrownSam Brown was the Ambassador of the United States to the Organisation for Security and Cooperation in Europe.last_img read more

Gubernatorial appointments made in May, June, July 2010

first_imgSource: Governor’s office. 8.13.2010 Vermont Pension Investment CommitteeVaughen Altemus, WillistonRichard Johannesen, Stowe Endangered Species CommitteeSarah Laughlin, CambridgeJennifer Ramstetter, BrattleboroPaul Wieczoreck, HinesburgIan Worley, CornwallVermont Enhanced 911 BoardSusie Hudson, MontpelierTimothy O’Meara, MontpelierGary Taylor, Saint AlbansJeanne Wilson, Hinesburg Board of Public AccountancyThomas Shortle, Rutland Vermont Interagency Coordinating Council  for Families, Infants & ToddlersJames Austin, AlburghCatherine Burns, RichmondErin Hand, MontpelierElizabeth Jordan-Shock, WillistonKathleen Kilbourne, WillistonLinda Michniewicz, NewportSusan Ryan, Colchester Water Well Advisory CommitteeClaude Chevalier, Highgate Vermont State Historical Records Advisory BoardChris Burns, BurlingtonPaul Carnahan, MontpelierMary Jo Davis, West BurkeAnn Lawless, WheelockScott Reilly, BarreD. Gregory Sanford, PlainfieldElizabeth Scott, JerichoAndrew Wentink, Cornwall Community High School of Vermont BoardRichard Fraser, South Ryegate Vermont Veterans’ Home Board of Trustees: Thomas Kenyon, West WindsorRobert Sanders, Charlotte Travel & Recreation CouncilBrian Cain, MontpelierEdward Stahl, StoweWilliam Stenger, NewportVictoria Tebbetts, Cabot State Board of Dental ExaminersRandall Miller, South BurlingtonDixie Vallie, Jericho State Program Standing Committee for Child, Adolescent, and Family Mental HealthSandra Bartley, ChesterKathleen Holsopple, FairfieldBarbara Rachelson, BurlingtonCynthia Smith, Fair Haven Capital Debt Affordability Advisory CommitteeDavid Coates, Colchester Criminal Justice Training CouncilJoseph Damiata, Williston Vermont Economic Development AuthorityLeon Graves, FairfieldJohn Hashagen, BrattleboroDaniel Kurzman, Canaan Department of Disabilities, Aging and Independent Living Advisory BoardSarah Wendell Launderville, Montpelier Vermont Developmental Disabilities CouncilDonna Bennett, BrattleboroJohn Hall, NewportKathleen Hamilton, BenningtonEdward Paquin, Montpelier Vermont Aviation Advisory CouncilGeorge Coy, SwantonRoger Damon, Saint JohnsburyRobert Flint, SpringfieldWilliam Gillam, RutlandJeffrey Mast, BenningtonJohn McNerney, New HavenGregory Parke, RutlandMary Paull, NewportEdward Peet, CornwallWilliam Rozensky, Fair HavenBrian Searles, BurlingtonDouglas Smith, Grand IsleBoard of Barbers & CosmetologistsJudith Wernecke, Berlin Vermont Racing CommissionHarlan Sylvester, Burlington Governor Jim Douglas today released the list of appointments made in May, June and July, 2010. Governor’s Committee on Employment of People with DisabilitiesKenneth Ballard, Williston State Rehabilitation CouncilPaul Meier, Fairfax State Board of OptometryEmma Pudvah, Hardwick State Emergency Response CommissionKim Brill, Fairfax Governor’s Council on Physical Fitness & SportsSuzanne Brue, BurlingtonDavid Butsch, BerlinJennifer Carter, BrandonRosilyn Chaloux, Saint JohnsburyPam Cross, Saint AlbansJanet Franz, ShelburneDavid Kerin, MiddleburyMaureen Mayo, NorthfieldStuart Offer, WillistonKylee Ryan, ColchesterPatricia Turley, Montpelier Alcohol & Drug Abuse CouncilLisa Anne Atwood, Northfield Transportation BoardRene Blanchard, Essex Hearing Panels for Professional Public EducatorsKevin Endres, MiltonGail Kilmartin, NewportJohn Pandolfo, Montpelier Nuclear Advisory PanelBradley Aldrich, MontpelierWilliam Burton, Westminster Vermont Sentencing CommissionCatherine Metropoulos, Charlotte Act 264 Advisory BoardTheodore Tighe, Middlebury Human Services BoardRobert Butterfield, Saint Johnsbury Connecticut River Watershed Advisory CommissionBeverly Major, PutneyJoseph Sampson, Bradford Governor’s Snowmobile Advisory CouncilBonnie Holbrook, ThetfordJohn Lynds, GranitevilleStarlene Poulin, Williston Board of PharmacyJudith Wernecke, West Berlin Scenery Preservation CouncilTordis Isselhardt, BenningtonGeorge Schiavone, Shelburne Board of Real Estate AppraisersHeidi Hayward Urish, Burlington Access Board  Kim Morrow, Barre Vermont Film Corporation, Board of DirectorsSusan Kruthers, Montpelier Fish & Wildlife BoardSteven Adams, Hartland Vermont Downtown Development BoardPeg Elmer, South RoyaltonTim Halvorson, CharlotteMichael McDonough, Bennington Victims Compensation BoardCatherine Metropoulos, CharlotteRobert Paolini, WaterburyRuth Stokes, Williston Vermont Veterans’ Memorial Cemetery Advisory BoardJudee Chatot-Travis, Barre TownMerlin Doyle, ChelseaRobert Walsh, South Burlington Workforce Development CouncilMichael Blair, MontpelierHal Cohen, North MiddlesexDiane Davis, PittsfordNeil Gruber, MiddleburyStephen Marsh, Newport CenterMac McLaughlin, ShorehamRonald Rabideau, UnderhillGrant Spates, DerbyDavid Townsend, Rutland New England Interstate Water Pollution Control CommissionJames Ehlers, ColchesterEugene Forbes, BurlingtonDennis Lutz, South Burlingtonlast_img read more

Guatemala: 20 kilograms of cocaine seized

first_img GUATEMALA CITY – Guatemalan police seized 20 kilograms of Colombian cocaine from inside a warehouse adjacent to La Aurora International Airport, officials said on May 15. The cocaine, which was stashed in a parcel from the Colombian city of Medellín, was found during a raid by police and prosecutors, who are searching to find those responsible for the narcotic. Guatemalan police seized 4,119 kilograms of cocaine in 2011 after confiscating 3,292 kilograms in 2010. [AFP (Guatemala), 15/05/2013; Prensa Libre (Guatemala), 15/05/2013] By Dialogo May 17, 2013last_img read more

Cricket News Jasprit Bumrah rested from Australia ODIs, New Zealand tour

first_imgSydney: In-form Indian pacer Jasprit Bumrah was Tuesday rested from the upcoming ODI series against Australia and the subsequent tour of New Zealand with Mohammad Siraj replacing the hero of the team’s maiden Test series triumph Down Under.  With 21 scalps, Bumrah ended the four-Test series as the joint-leading wicket-taker alongside Australian off-spinner Nathan Lyon.  “Keeping in mind the work load of the bowler, it was best felt to give him adequate rest ahead of the home series against Australia. Mohammed Siraj will replace Bumrah in the squad for the Australia and New Zealand tour,” said the BCCI in a statement.  “Punjab pacer Siddarth Kaul has also been drafted into the squad for the three-match T20I series against New Zealand,” it added. Bumrah, who made his Test debut just 12 months ago, has become India’s go to pacer in all three formats.   The attack comprising Bumrah, Mohammad Shami, Umesh Yadav, Bhuvneshwar Kumar and Ishant Sharma has been hailed as India’s best ever.  The decision to rest him comes after saptain Virat Kohli also emphasised on managing the workload of the pacers following India’s maiden Test series win in Australia here on Monday.  “It’s important to take care of these guys especially? manage workloads, that’s going to be our priority going forward. But even more so, finding three more guys who can bowl as fast as and as relentless as these guys,” said Kohli.   India play three ODIs against Australia starting here on Saturday before travelling to New Zealand for a five-ODI and three-T20I assignment starting January 23.  For all the Latest Sports News News, Cricket News News, Download News Nation Android and iOS Mobile Apps.last_img read more

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